The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 486
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
easily imagined. He wrote Bouve forcibly, and with some heat,
that Hille's part in the Chinese matter was the most outrageous
piece of nerve he had ever seen in print. "I ... will ... get at
the bottom of this.""43
In the refugee camp the odyssey of the Chinese was drawing
to its close. A considerable number of the Chinese in the Southern
Department were assembled at Camp Travis, Fort Sam Houston,
in preparation for the registration as provided by Public Law
No. 29. On January 7, General Pershing, making a tour of mil-
itary posts, arrived in San Antonio and spoke to about one hun-
dred of the refugees that same day. He advised all to learn "the
American language" and to become "good Americans."" The
Chinese internees were distinctly pleased to see their old friend
once again, and to thank him for his efforts in their behalf. The
old soldier then bade farewell to the Chinese whom he had
brought out of northern Mexico almost exactly five years before.45
In the latter part of January the process of registering the
refugees was begun in San Antonio by Inspector of Immigration
Smith. Each Chinese was required to pay the normal eight
dollar head tax assessed all immigrants entering the United
States, and to declare the amount of money he had in his pos-
session. A total of 281 men were processed at San Antonio from
about January 27 to February 3, 1922.46 During the period of
registration the War Department advised the personnel of the
camp that any member, after the receipt of his certificate of reg-
istration, would be permitted to remain at the Chinese camp
until such time as he found employment in the city, or went into
business for himself elsewhere.
The emotions of the Chinese when presented the individual
certificates of registration were well portrayed in the behavior
43Page to Bouve, November 22, 1921, quoted in Bouve and Parker to Johnson,
December 7, 1921, House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, Inquiry
into Activities of Charles F. Hille with Relation to Certain Chinese Refugees;
Hearing before Subcommittee, November 24, 1922, with Subcommittee Report,
67th Cong., 2nd Sess. (Serial No. 2-B), 513.
44San Antonio Light, January 8, 1922.
46Ibid., January 29, 1922. Public Law No. 29 specified that 365 Chinese were
to be benefited by its provisions, and it is presumed that those not registered at
San Antonio were registered through Immigration Service facilities nearest the
station of the other refugees of the Chinese company.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/583/: accessed December 11, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.