The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 499
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Santa Anna in Texas: A Mexican Viewpoint
members of the expedition died along the way without the solace
of the rites of the church.
Aside from constitutional weakness, other disadvantages faced
the Mexican soldiers. Before the army reached the Rio Grande,
hostile Indians proved to be a problem. Santa Anna had expected
the Indians to aid the Mexicans rather than the Texans, but if
he placed much faith in such hopes, he must have been disap-
pointed. The Indians favored neither Texans nor Mexicans. The
Indians remained staunchly pro-Indian. In the area below the
Rio Grande, Indian raids proved serious, especially on the isolated
ranchos. Some of the ranchos along the way to the Great River
had stored supplies destined for the army of operations, but the
military never saw a large portion of the supplies, for the Indians
appropriated much of the foodstuffs and other material before
the soldiers arrived. The situation was so serious that Santa Anna
sent some of the presidial guard and fifty dragoons to thrash the
Indians. According to one subsequent report, the Comanches in
the Laredo area killed a corporal and wounded two soldiers of
the presidial guard."9 The punitive adventure produced no Indian
scalps, but it did serve to guard those points through which the
army passed.40 Sometimes the army turned over rifles and other
equipment to political chiefs of departments for defense against
Following a somewhat dreary march from Saltillo to the Rio
Grande, the long trek to B6xar began around the middle of Feb-
ruary. Santa Anna ordered half-rations of hardtack for each soldier
carrying a knapsack, armament, and ammunition. "The officers
were to provide themselves with their necessary supplies out of
their regular pay, without receiving an extra campaign allow-
ance."42 To overcome the barren stretch from the Rio Grande to
B6xar, forced marches were often necessary. It soon became ob-
s3SAnchez-Navarro, La Guerra de Tejas, 131.
40Santa Anna to Filisola, January 8, 1836, in Filizola, Correspondence of Santa
Anna (Master's thesis, University of Texas, 1939), 37; Callcott, Santa Anna, 129.
41Santa Anna to Filisola, February 16, 1836, in Filizola, Correspondence of Santa
Anna (Master's thesis, University of Texas, 1939), 68. De la Pefia, La rebelidn de
Texas, 42, tells of encountering a sole survivor of one group of Comanche victims.
The victims were not army personnel.
42Martinez Caro, "True Account," in Castafieda, The Mexican Side of the Texan
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/596/: accessed March 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.