The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 526
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ments passed as demonstrations of friendship. After that the
Touacara chief had me informed through a Naouydiche, who
spoke the Nassonite language understood by the soldier of the
garrison, that the novelty of seeing in their country a nation un-
known to them did not fail to surprise them, but that the frank-
ness with which we were coming assured them of our sincerity,
that they should wish much to make an alliance with us; and that
our enemies would be theirs. I showed them that the great chief
of my nation, whose word I was carrying, had sent me to them
in order to assure them of his protection and of his friendship
and to offer aid to them against their enemies; that I would accept,
in his name, the alliance which they proposed to me and that I
should take care to inform him of their good intentions. These
chiefs had brought with them corn bread, mixed with wheat, and
some smoked meats, which they presented to me and my troops;
then I mounted on a fine horse, which they had brought to me
and we marched in company to their villages. The country
through which we passed was level. At a musket shot from their
habitation we crossed a beautiful stream, surrounded by a clear
forest, above which are the villages situated upon hillocks, along
the southwest branch of the Alcansas [Arkansas] River.73 These
villages make only one village, the houses adjoining one another,
running from east to west a league through the most beautiful
location that one might possibly see. The nations of these estab-
lishments are the Touacaras [Tawakoni], Toayas [Tawehash],74
78In a footnote Margry quotes De Beaurain here as saying, "Which they called
Imaham, at the latitude of 370 45'. Situated from the Nassonites eighty-nine leagues
in a straight line to the north." La Harpe was doubtless on the South Canadian
River, but not at 37 45' which would have been in present Kansas, nor hardly
straight north of the Nassonite village.
74The Tawehash, most commonly called Taovayas in early Spanish documents,
were the main sub-tribe of the Wichita confederacy. They spoke nearly the same
language as other Wichita tribes. La Harpe's mention of them here is the first
definite reference of a white man to them. They became attached to the French
through trade. Chickasaw, Osage, and Comanche pressure pushed them southward
to the Red River, where they were living in the middle eighteenth century near
"Spanish Fort," correctly a French fort, in present Montague County, Texas. The
French enjoyed their friendship, and the Spanish their enmity. In 1757 they joined
the Comanches, Caddos, and other Wichita tribes in the destruction of San Saba
mission, built for their traditional enemies, the Cancy, or Lipan Apaches. The Don
Diego Ortiz Parrilla punitive expedition, sent from San Antonio with about 5oo
regulars, militia, and Indian allies, suffered the worst defeat of Spanish arms in
Texas history before their village in August, 1759. Comanches and Frenchmen
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/625/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.