The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959 Page: 532
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
there is abundant, not only the buffalo, bear, and deer, but gen-
erally of all other animals. The river affords very good fish, and
although the waters were very, very low, there was still a stream
of two or three feet of depth remaining.
These nations raise very beautiful horses, they prize them
highly, being able to do without them for neither war nor for
the chase; they have saddles and bridles which are very well made,
and carry even breast plates of leather for protection from the
arrow; their huts are elevated, the majority built of straw and
reed grass, coated with earth, forming a dome; above their door-
way, every tribal chief has his arms painted on a piece of round
hide; some represent the sun, the moon, or the stars, or others
The chief of the Touacaras nation is the most respected of all
these nations. When they bring him food to eat, he takes a part
of it, and gives the rest to his noblemen; their dishes are made of
reeds, but so well worked that the water does not penetrate them.
Although the other chiefs have their women, that one has not one
woman in trust; when he wishes to retire with some maidens, he
sends word to them to appear and they do not fail to come; but
they withdraw to their houses at the break of day without mak-
ing themselves known.
These savages are men of good sense, more intelligent than the
tribes of the Mississippi; but the fertility of their country renders
them slothful; they are nearly always seated around their chiefs,
and they think ordinarily only of eating, smoking, and playing;
they are besides libertines, but generous in their loves, giving to
their mistresses all that they have. The women there are rather
fair; they have nothing to be found fault with except their olive
color; they carry gallantry still further than the men. During our
sojourn at their villages, they did not cease to bring us dishes of
beans and corn, prepared with the marrow of buffalo and some
smoked meat; they strived even to surpass one another at bring-
ing better foods. As we were unable to eat all that they brought to
between two rocks. Then it was mixed, probably, as was a custom among many
Western tribes, with one or more ingredients such as gum, sumac, bearberry,
leaves and roots of willows, manzanita leaves, Jamestown weed, touchwood, dog-
wood, or arrowwood, or with other woods, barks, leaves, twigs, or with certain
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 62, July 1958 - April, 1959, periodical, 1959; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101173/m1/631/?rotate=270: accessed August 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.