The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 111
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Notes and Documents
settle at his own expense the area which extended almost to Vera
Cruz.3 Hernin Cortes prevented Garay's carrying out his plans.
At first glance the writing on Pifieda's sketch will appear
undecipherable and the whole sketch of little value, but a hasty
reading of the text of the book will furnish the key to the writing
and a closer look at the sketch will show it to be a map of the
coast of the Gulf of Mexico and an excellent example of early
cartography-the first to depict the Texas coast. The writing on
the Navarrete copy is completely legible but the sketch lacks
something-perhaps it is too well done.
The text of Cervantes de Salazar's work states that Pifieda and
his men were nine months in making the explorations noted on
the sketch and that they suffered many hardships; there is, how-
ever, considerable information on the sketch that could not have
been gathered during the trip. The explorations of Christopher
Columbus, Ponce de Le6n, and Diego Velasquez' lieutenant are
well depicted. One man sailed with Pifieda who could have
supplied that information-Ant6n de Alaminos. Alaminos had
previously sailed the Gulf waters with Columbus, with Ponce de
Le6n, and with Velasquez' flotilla and probably supplied most
of the detail appearing on the map-he may well have been the
actual author. The sketch may be oriented with modern maps and
the places named and otherwise indicated may be located and
Beginning at the upper right corner of the sketch and proceed-
ing counter clockwise around the coast of the Gulf of Mexico
appear the following notations: "Florida, called Bimini, discov-
ered by Joan Ponce," and "Joan Ponce explored to this point."
Then appears the notation "Francisco de Garay began his explo-
rations at this point." With this notation and the preceding one,
Pifieda had fixed one boundary line of his discoveries. Then follow
the words "Rio del Espiritu Sancto" further defining the northern
extremity of his explorations. After this entry there is a vast area
with no notations whatever and then comes Rio Pinuco, Tamahax,
and the statement "Francisco de Garay explored to this point in
a westerly direction and Diego Velasquez explored in an easterly
direction to Cabo de las Higueras." Then Sevilla Veracruz and
Here’s what’s next.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/141/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.