The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 209
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Coronado: From the Rio Grande to the Concho
continued upon such flat terrain south of the Canadian would
have meant to miss all of the watering places. Obviously the
Canadian River route does not at all fit the description of Coro-
If one thus discards both the southern crossing of the Plains
and the Canadian River route, he is forced, as was Holden, to
accept the middle crossing. At one point on the Plains, which
proved to be just four days of travel from the east edge or out-
cropping of the Cap Rock, Coronado came to one of those small
creeks that traverse the flat surface of the Plains. He had sent a
scouting party east toward the sunrise, hoping to find a place
called Haxia which the Indians had described. The scouts were
due to be back about the time Coronado came to the small creek.
He also was traveling east in order to follow the course of his
scouting party. When he reached the creek, he sent six Spaniards
upstream and another six downstream to see whether either party
could discover (at the creek) signs of the returning scouts."7
Careful study here reveals that the creek must have run in a
north-south direction across his course, otherwise it would have
been foolish to spread out searchers except that upstream and
downstream meant to his right and left-which would have meant
north and south.
Thus finding some segment of a creek that runs in a north-
south direction gives a clue to Coronado's location at the time he
reached this small stream. Remembering that he was at this time
four days travel distant from the east side of the High Plains, one
may draw a north-south line across the map in Lamb and adjoin-
ing counties some fifty miles from the east edge of the Plains.
Then project another such line about twenty-five miles farther
west. Obviously Coronado was somewhere between these two
lines, for four days travel was between fifty and seventy-five miles.
All the creeks between these lines flow from west to east with two
exceptions. In central Lamb County, almost due west of Plain-
view, for about ten miles Sod House Draw flows from north to
south. Also to the south and southeast of Hereford, Frio Draw
for fully as many miles flows toward the northeast. Here the spot-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/273/: accessed May 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.