The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 347
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to the expedition of Hernando de Soto through the Gulf States.
Here Americans get their first geographical knowledge of Florida,
Georgia, North and South Carolina, Tennessee, Alabama, Mis-
sissippi, Arkansas, Texas, and Indian Territory and also initial
information on the Five Civilized Tribes and a few others not so
easily identified. Here are recorded the first discovery and navi-
gation of the Mississippi River, the death of its discoverer, De
Soto, the building of the first brigantines by Moscoso, the first
voyage down the river, and the arrival in Mexico of the remnants
of the once powerful expedition.
In 1539, Fray Marcos of Nice, with Estevan, the Negro com-
panion of Cabeza de Vaca, penetrated the country to the north-
west as far as the Seven Cities of Cibola. Estevan was killed on
this expedition and Fray Marcos returned to Mexico with a
glowing account of what he had seen. Another expedition was
planned for 1540 and the command was given to Francisco VAs-
quez de Coronado.
The original manuscript of the Coronado Expedition by Cas-
tafieda is not known to exist. In the Lennox branch of the New
York Public Library, there is a translation of a copy made at
Seville in 1596.
The Coronado Expedition was of far-reaching importance from
a geographical point of view. It gives an insight into the hitherto
unknown vast interior of the continent and forms the basis of the
cartography of that region, makes known the sedentary Pueblo
tribes of the Southwest and the hunting tribes of the Great Plains,
the Grand Canyon, and the herds of bison; the pageant, grand
though it was, resulted in disappointment for all. Coronado ended
his days practically forgotten.
Spanish Exploration, edited by Herbert Eugene Bolton, pre-
serves the words of the narrators of the Cabrillo-Ferrelo Expedi-
tion, the Vizcaino Expedition, and the Rodriguez, Espejo, Ofiate,
Bosque-Larios, Mendoza-Lopez, and the De Le6n-Massanet expe-
Little is known of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo except that he was
Portuguese. Before his death on the voyage up the coast, however,
he reached Magdalena Bay, Cerros Island (near the northern
limits of Ulloa's exploration), Port San Quentin, San Diego Bay,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/423/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.