The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 21
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"The Dallas Spirit"
the flight be postponed until August 16. Between August 12 and
16, the fliers were urged to get navigators and to take test flights
over a prescribed course with these navigators. Originally most of
the contestants had planned to fly solo. Had it not been for these
timely suggestions on the part of Wyatt and Young, the death toll
undoubtedly would have been larger.
For instance, Martin Jensen in the "Aloha" did not have gas
capacity in his tanks to fly more than a part of the way to Hono-
lulu. Instead he planned to store five gallon tins of gasoline in his
plane and refuel in flight. The "Air King," from Peoria, Illinois,
nosed over every time it landed and was later disqualified at the
last minute when authorities decided that even with its gas tanks
fully loaded, it still would not have enough fuel to get to Hawaii.
Motor trouble was giving other pilots trouble. Many of the pilots
were unable to pass navigation tests. The navigators had to
assemble instruments quickly and to convert the planes with
navigation tables and openings from which smoke bombs could
be dropped to determine drift. And lastly, the pilots and their
hastily-chosen navigators had to become acquainted and to learn
how to perform as a team.s
When everything was in readiness, the pilots drew straws for the
order of the take-off. Bennett Griffin and his navigator, Al Henley,
both from Oklahoma, took off in the "Oklahoma" at 12:o1. At
12:o2 Norman Goddard and his navigator, Lieutenant K. C. Haw-
kins, attempted to leave the air strip in the "El Encanto," but the
plane was wrecked with a crumpled wing a few hundred yards
down the runway. At 12:o9 Lieutenant Livingston Irving, flying
solo, made a vain attempt to get into the air in the "Pabco Flyer,"
but he could not lift the heavy load. He made a second attempt at
1: 2o P.M. but crashed. Neither he nor the crew of the "El Encanto"
was injured. At 12:30 P.M. Jack Frost and his navigator, Gordon
Scott, made a successful take-off in the "Golden Eagle." A minute
later Auggy Pedlar, his navigator, Lieutenant Vilas Knope, and
the pretty little school teacher from Flint, Michigan, Mildred
Doran, took off without trouble. At 12:33 Martin Jensen had the
"Aloha" aloft.14 His navigator was Captain Paul Schluter, an
13Ibid., August 16, 1927.
14Jensen won the second prize of $1o,ooo by flying to Wheeler Field in twenty-
eight hours and sixteen minutes. He and Goebel were the only ones to finish the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/43/: accessed September 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.