The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 514
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514 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
"Fannin's Men" was composed of two battalions: the Georgia
Battalion, of five companies--King's, Ticknor's, Bullock's, Winn's.
and Wadsworth's; the LaFayette Battalion, composed of Captain
Jack Shackelford's Red Rovers, mostly from Alabama, Captain
Burr H. Duval's company, primarily from Kentucky, Captain
Samuel O. Pettus' company of San Antonio Greys, and Captain
P. S. Wyatt's company of Louisville, Kentucky. An addition to
the two battalions was Captain Ira Westover's company of so-
called Regulars, authorized by the Consultation.,
After the removal of the soldiers from Refugio, Colonel Fannin
ordered the settlers to remove to Goliad for their protection, and
on March i1, 1836, Captain Amon King, with about thirty men,
was dispatched to assist in the removal. The detachment was sur-
prised by a large force under the Mexican General Jose Urrea,
and on March 15, King and thirty-two of his men were captured.7
On March 14, Fannin received orders from General Houston to
retreat to Victoria, but he delayed the retreat awaiting the return
of Captain King and Captain Ward, who had been sent to Refugio
with reinforcements from the Georgia Battalion; Fannin did not
begin the retreat until March 19, when he was surrounded by
General Urrea and forced to surrender at the battle of Coleto$
and return to Goliad.
After General Urrea had refused to receive the initial Texan
deputation, Fannin, himself, went out to discuss the terms of
surrender. The agreement was made that the surrender would
be as prisoners of war and the contingent would be marched to
Copano without delay, thence transferred to New Orleans, or
detained as prisoners of war and finally exchanged.9
On Palm Sunday, March 27, 1836, under the impression that
they were being paroled, Fannin's men were marched from the
7Joseph E. Field, Three Years in Texas: Including a View of the Texan Revolu-
tion, and an Account of the Principal Battles (Boston, 1836), 29-30; C. Newell,
History of the Revolution in Texas, Particularly of the War of 1835 and '36 (New
York, 1838), 93-94.
8Henderson Yoakum, History of Texas from Its First Settlement in z685 to Its
Annexation to the United States in 1846 (2 vols.; New York, 1855), I, 95-96.
9Articles of Capitulation, March 2o, 1836, in Carlos E. Castafieda (trans.), The
Mexican Side of the Texan Revolution (Dallas, 1928), 60-62; Hobart Huson (ed.),
Dr. J. H. Barnard's Journal, December, z835-June, 1836 (n.p., 1949), 26-27.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/642/: accessed April 7, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.