The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 37
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The Mooar Brothers, Buffalo Hunters
thousands of riflemen swarming over the ranges, the Kansas hunt-
ing had about played out. The hunters chose Wright Mooar and
Steel Frazier to ask the Fort Dodge commanding officer, Major
Richard Irving Dodge, about hunting in Texas. "Major," asked
Mooar, "if we cross into Texas, what will be the government's
attitude toward us?"
"Boys," he replied, "if I were a buffalo hunter, I would hunt
where the buffaloes are."8
That fall the Mooar outfit headed for Texas. For awhile the
brothers hunted in the breaks of the South Canadian. They had
several set-tos with New Mexican outfits-Comancheros-engaged
in contraband trade with the Indians. One of the parties attacked
the Mooar camp but failed to inflict any casualties.
In November the Mooar outfit turned back and pitched camp
on Palo Duro Creek, in what became Hansford County. They
found the hunting good and took many hides.
Several other groups of white hunters followed the tracks of
the Mooar wagons south from Dodge. Each outfit, Wright Mooar
would take a wagon, a roll of bedding, and a little grub and, with
a four-mule team, would drive out on the divide that separates the
North Palo Duro from the Canadian. There we would interrupt the
buffalo herds that were crossing, east to west, from the headwaters
of Wolf Creek to the Blue and the Coldwater. We stayed on the
divide until we loaded our wagon with hides and meat. We could
haul io,ooo pounds with four mules when the ground was frozen.
We could load, come back to camp, unload, and go back again.
They could keep track of neighboring outfits by the sound of
In the spring of 1874 a large caravan of hunters went from
Dodge City down into the Texas Panhandle. Several dealers in
provisions and hides who went with them built, north of the
Canadian, the trading post of Adobe Walls. This stockaded out-
post served for several months as the headquarters for hunters
in the Panhandle.4 While John Mooar went on a freighting trip
4Olive K. Dixon, Life of Billy Dixon (Dallas, 1927). The Adobe Walls trading
post of 1874 should not be confused with the earlier one, a mile upstream, from
which it took its name. The earlier post was built by William Bent about 1843.
A force under Colonel Kit Carson used its ruins for defense in a battle with Indians
late in 1864.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/65/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.