The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 534
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
gia's Gainesville Academy,5 and for five years as head of his own
school near Columbia, Tennessee," he decided in 1836 to enter
the Methodist ministry.' By 1839 he had been appointed to serve
the "Sulphur Fork" circuit of the Arkansas Conference. Lying
in northeastern Texas between Red River and its "Sulphur Fork,"
the circuit was about forty miles wide and ran westward for some
150 miles from Rondo, Arkansas, to Preston Bend, near Denison,
Texas." In this same year, McKenzie purchased 421 acres of land
three miles southwest of Clarksville,"o and in 1841, when his
health forced his retirement from the active itinerancy, he settled
on this site, calling his residence "Itinerant Retreat," that is, the
haven of a traveling preacher.1' From 1841 when McKenzie
established his school until its close in 1868, McKenzie's life was
so closely identified with the college that the history of one is
almost the chronicle of the other. Following the termination of
his college, McKenzie served for one school year, 1871-1872, as
the second president of the newly created Marvin College, in
Waxahachie.12 Some six years later, after having participated in
the events leading to the creation of Southwestern University at
Willington, McCormick County, South Carolina. E. Merton Coulter of the Univer-
sity of Georgia concurred in the opinion and declared that the writer had "hit on
the solution. Dr. McKenzie must have been one of Waddel's pupils at the famous
Willington School. I wish that school's records were to be found, and I believe the
proof would be there. But I have no feeling that those old records were saved."
-E. M. Coulter to J. D. O., April 7, 1958 (MS., in possession of John D. Osburn,
5"Dr. J. W. P. McKenzie and McKenzie College," Street's Monthly and Texas
Masonic Journal (Waco), August, 188o, quoted in Clarksville Times, April 7, 1914.
No complete file of Street's Monthly has been preserved, although a few issues may
be found in various public and private library collections. It does not appear,
however, that the August, 1880, issue has survived.
eMacum Phelan, A History of Early Methodism in Texas, x8z7-z866 (Nashville,
1914), 187-188; McLean, Reminiscences, 42.
7Minutes of the Annual Conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church for the
Years x829-z839 (New York, 1840) , 434.
SMinutes of the Annual Conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church for the
Years I839-z84o (New York, 1840), 3.
oMcLean, Reminiscences, 44.
oRed River County Deed Record Book (MSS., Deed Records of Red River
County, County Clerk's Office, Clarksville), A-B-C, 356-357. By subsequent acquisi-
tions this area was increased to several times its original extent.
1John H. McLean, "John Witherspoon Pettigrew McKenzie," Texas Christian
Advocate (Dallas), August 2, 1900oo. This is called the "McKenzie edition" of the
Advocate, and is devoted to articles and reminiscences by ex-students at the college.
z2Berry B. Cobb, History of Marvin College (n.p., 1933), 3-
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/662/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.