The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 538
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538 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the institution's organizational structure was adapted to its Meth-
odist affiliation." In actual practice, the college records, diplomas,
catalogues, and the like, shortened its new name to the simpler
style of "M'Kenzie College."
The academic year of 1859-186o saw the school's maximum
enrollment, with 405 students in attendance, taught by nine
faculty members.83 The 1860-1861 enrollment was seriously re-
duced to only 146,36 presumably because of the uncertain political
climate just prior to the election of 186o and the subsequent se-
cession of the South. A visitor to the campus at graduation time
in 186o noticed, however, that only about fifty of the "150" stu-
dents were left to witness the close of the term, for many had
already gone off to war.87
In an enfeebled and shrunken condition, McKenzie College
continued to operate during the war years. Graduation records
reveal the toll which the war and its aftermath took upon the
institution; there were no graduates from 1862 until the school
closed in 186838 when, at the final commencement, a solitary
A. B. candidate received his degree."9 Perhaps the lowest that
84"An Act to Incorporate the McKinzie Male and Female College," in Gammel
(comp.), Laws of Texas, V, 111-113. This charter misspelled McKenzie's name as
"McKinzie." McKenzie made no attempt to make his catalogues and records con-
form to the legal error.
8SC. C. Cody, "Methodist Educational Institutions in Texas," Bulletin of the
Board of Education [Methodist Episcopal Church, South], III, 66-67.
88Annual Catalogue of the Students and Faculty of M'Kenzie College, Near
Clarksville, Texas, for the Session of x86o-x86z, pp. 6, 8-11. The catalogue examined
was a photostatic reproduction in Masters, Early Education in Northeast Texas
(Master's thesis, University of Texas, 1929). The only extant original copy of this
catalogue known to the writer is preserved by the McKenzie family.
87Phelan, Early Methodism in Texas, 463-464. Phelan quotes a letter of John W.
38See inferences in Ledger of the Dialectic Society (MSS., Bridwell Library,
Southern Methodist University), 186-137; and T. H. Yarbrough, "Old McKenzie
College-Some Reminiscences," Texas Christian Advocate (Dallas), August 2, 1900.
Yarbrough attended the last session (1867-1868) of McKenzie College.
s9Register of Southwestern University, x889-x89o, p. 8. Actually this source dates
the last commencement, with one graduate, as being in 1870-two years too late.
The extant lists of graduates of McKenzie College are fortunately preserved in the
early catalogues of Southwestern University, but these lists are inconsistent and
must be used with care. For example, the 1880-1881 catalogue shows fifty-nine
graduates, the last ones being in 1861, while the 1892-1893 catalogue shows sixty-
seven graduates, the last one being in 1870. Moreover, often the degrees listed with
the graduates are misleading. Degrees secured later in life, such as the M.D. and
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/666/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.