The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 539
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McKenzie College 539
enrollment fell was to thirty-three in 1863; the 1866-1867 term
saw seventy-four students at the college.40
Several discouraging conditions combined to cause the closing
of the college. Perhaps the most important was the deteriorating
financial condition of the institution, which will be considered
below. Allied to this, doubtless, was the reduction in enrollment,
probably caused by the adverse political and economic conditions
in a defeated country. Finally, the president's advancing age seems
also to have influenced the decision to close the school.41
A total of about 3,300 students matriculated in McKenzie's
school,42 and McKenzie asserted that 2,2oo of these "made public
profession of religion" while there.48 Most of these 3,300 students
were from Texas homes, but some came from Arkansas, Louisiana,
Missouri, and the Choctaw Nation north of Red River.44 Enroll-
ment was always much heavier in the preparatory than in the
collegiate department. Only a small number of young women
attended McKenzie College annually. Part of the explanation
D.D., are shown along with the students' names. While only two master's degrees
were ever conferred, numerous students are shown to possess these degrees. Finally,
the degree of B.S. appears after the names of some students, but this writer has never
discovered any evidence to show that such a degree was ever granted, or that an
appropriate degree plan was ever developed. One last example to suggest the care
with which these sources must be used is the 1916 catalogue, which asserts in the
"Historical" section that the college closed in 1872, some four years after the actual
date, and at a time when McKenzie was occupying the presidential chair of Marvin
College at Waxahachie. See also Register of Southwestern University, Georgetown,
Texas, x88o-x88x, pp. 14-16; Register of Southwestern University and the Ladies'
Annex, 1892-x893, pp. 41-42-
4oMasters, Early Education in Northeast Texas (Master's thesis, University of
Texas, 1929), 82.
4lLedger of the Dialectic Society (MSS., Bridwell Library, Southern Methodist
University), 136. The minutes of the last meeting of the society explain that the
group had decided not to elect a full slate of officers for the following year, but
only a president, because of the "declining age of the president." Presumably they
rightly doubted that the college's aging president would re-open the school in the
fall of 1868.
42McLean, Reminiscences, 49.
43Hill, North Texas Conference Pulpit, 9.
44Catalogue of M'Kenzie College, x86o-x86x, pp. 6, 8-11; McLean, Reminiscences,
45For the school years 1857-1858, 1858-1859, 1859-1860, and 186o-1861, a total of
thirteen, twenty, twenty, and nineteen young women, respectively, attended McKen-
zie College.-Masters, Early Education in Northeast Texas (Master's thesis, Univer-
sity of Texas, 1929), 69; Catalogue of M'Kenzie College, x86o-x86x, p. 6.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/669/: accessed December 13, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.