The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 542
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and evening chapel services, at which attendance of all students
was required. The most rigorous of these was the morning chapel
service which offered its praise to God from the indomitable
president and the somewhat less enthusiastic scholars at 4:00 A.M.
After the college bell had shattered the peaceful sleep of the whole
academic community, everyone assembled in the chapel. The
president usually made his way to chapel, candle in hand, in his
shirt sleeves and slippers, while the girls and boys attended,
wrapped in shawls and blankets. McKenzie's justification for this
was that it was a health measure-a morning air bath. The service
was composed of a Scripture lesson, a lecture by the president,
concluded by a song and prayer.59 Those persons who missed
chapel service also forfeited breakfast, composed of such substan-
tial fare as steak and corn bread.0
Later in the morning, at 8:oo A.M., and again in the evening,
similar services were held. On certain days of the week additional
services took place. Thursday evening was for prayer meeting.
On Sundays the Sunday School exercises were conducted by the
president. This was followed by preaching at 11:oo A.M., while
another religious class meeting was held at 3:00 P.M., and preach-
ing or prayer meeting on Sunday evening.81
The college year was composed of two semesters. School opened
on the first Monday in October and usually ended on July 4.62
Final examinations were both public and oral at graduation time,
and the exercises usually attracted a large crowd.3 Despite the
college's relatively large enrollment, there were only a few grad-
uates each year. Only approximately sixty-seven A.B. degrees were
The college regulations required that grading be done on a
zero to nine basis, nine reflecting excellent work. Absences were
noMaddrey, "Getting Educated in Early-Day Texas," Dallas Morning News, May
16, 1926; McLean, Reminiscences, 48.
60Yarbrough, "Old McKenzie College-Some Reminiscences," Texas Christian
Advocate (Dallas), August 2, 1900oo.
olIbid.; McLean, Reminiscences, 48-49.
62Maddrey, "Getting Educated in Early-Day Texas," Dallas Morning News, May
8eMasters, Early Education in Northeast Texas (Master's thesis, University of
Texas, 1929), 67.
4Register of Southwestern University and the Ladies' Annex, 1892-1893, pp. 41-42.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/672/: accessed March 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.