The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960 Page: 581
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Notes and Documents
participant. Several years later Andrew Neill, a lawyer in the area
of Seguin and Gonzales, saw the letter and made a copy of it.
This copy was among other of the Andrew Neill Papers which
were presented to the Texas State Archives. The present rendition
has some periods, commas, and capital letters supplied in order
to increase readability.
MEXIco Feby ioth. 1842
MY DEAR WIFE
I cannot describe the feelings which now pervade my bosom as
I sit myself down to address you this letter. Suffice it to say that my
position although by no means comfortable is far better than what
has generally been experienced by Mexican prisoners. I have been
for some time sick but am now recovering fast and am able to go
about a little. Curtisx is gone about three days ahead and is living
in the family of General Cartizar where he receives every attention
and kindness; Our journey throughout has been of the most dis-
tressing nature. In fact it was a continuance of fatigue, toil, and
hunger surrounded on every side by the most barbarous tribes of
Indians and scarcely a day elapsed without our performing the last
melancholy duty of covering the bosom of a comrade under the
green tuft of the wilderness. Our pilot [Samuel W. Howland] we
took from Houston with us left us in search of Santa Fe and to
return and give us tidings but on his arrival there he was shot as
also was Mr. Baker and Rosenberry who accompanied him. The duty
of guide then devolved upon a Mexican [Juan Carlos] who after
leading us where he thought we could not get out decamped to San
Miguel and gave information of our coming. The men despairing
and hungry having nothing to eat but mesquit beans, Col. Cooke
was next dispatched to search for San Miguel and if he did not find
it to return in five days. He took along with him ioo men who had
the best horses. We stopped seventeen days when I made up my
mind that if he did not return in twenty days I should take some
of my volunteers and return by the Brazos. But on the 18th day
four Mexicans arrived bringing satisfactory letters from Colonel
Cooke telling us he was within one days march of San Miguel and
for us to proceed on with the Mexicans and that in a few days we
should be met with provisions on the road. In consequence of which
we again took up the line of march from this unfortunate camping
ground where we lost a great many men and one half of our horses.
1Curtis was the twelve-year-old son of Caldwell, who accompanied his father
on the expedition.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 63, July 1959 - April, 1960, periodical, 1960; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101186/m1/715/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.