The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961 Page: 139
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of which he is an ex-student. John was motivated by the desire
to see his parents' work in the place where it might render the
widest possible service.
The Earl and Vada Vandale Collection of Western Americana
will be housed in the forthcoming Academic Center. The follow-
ing book plate has been prepared for the University for the col-
lection. Some two thousand additional titles of Texana will be
added to the Earl Vandale Collection of Texana.
In recognition of his outstanding contribution, Governor Price
Daniel has commissioned Commander John Vandale, U.S.N., an
admiral in the Texas Navy and the Executive Council of the
Association has elected him an Honorary Life Member, the high-
est honor the Association can bestow.
Most students of Texas history know that the eastern bound-
ary of the Panhandle is the 1ooth meridian. If they have dipped
into Texas history very deeply they also know that many are the
trials and tribulations that have been encountered in the deter-
mination of that historic meridian since it was first fixed upon
by Adams and Ofiis in 1819. The Texans, in general, have known
that the meridian went north as far as the Arkansas River, but
two markers on the meridian still farther north in South Dakota
have additional and associational interest. The text of the mark-
ers is as follows:
YOU ARE NOW ON THE 1000 MERIDIAN
Historically that meridian is significant. For two generations the
Insurance Companies and other worldwide lending agencies would
not, as a matter of agreed policy, lend a shiny dime west of this line.
Their reason was that some geographer had labeled it the EAST
EDGE of the Great American Desert. Neither the geographer nor
the Insurance Companies had been west of 100. Today more than
a quarter of America's new animal wealth alone, is produced from
that misnamed desert. This unrealistic, geographically limited loan
policy, forced South Dakota into the farm loan business. Our Rural
Credit business cost us plenty and was a splendid illustration of why
a State should not be in the loaning business. But South Dakota has
paid all its debts in full. The 100th Meridian is just another bad
memory. Historically however the 100 Meridian was a most impor-
tant one in Western economy.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961, periodical, 1961; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101190/m1/161/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.