The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961 Page: 213
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Pre-Revolutionary Activity in Brazoria County
tion. Situated in the southern part of the original Austin grant,
it was the natural gateway to the entire colony with the wide
Brazos River affording water transportation toward the interior
regions. A visitor to the colony in 1828 commented on the rich-
ness of the soil and excellent navigation facilities offered by the
new town of Brazoria which had just been laid out some thirty
miles up the Brazos from its mouth.' Three years later the village
had grown to a population of from two to three hundred persons
and was to become the capital of the department of Brazoria in
The rich bottom lands of the Brazos and its lower tributaries
assured the area of agricultural advantage and attracted an abun-
dance of settlers, some of whom were to play the leading roles in
the critical years before the Revolution. Development of the col-
ony proceeded rapidly and by 1832 several communities besides
Brazoria had been established including Velasco, East Columbia
(Bell's Landing), West Columbia (Columbia), and Liverpool.
There were many causes of the friction between the Texans
and the Mexican government. The growing strength of the Anglo-
American colonies and the apprehension on the part of Mexico
over the real and assumed designs of the United States on Texas
ultimately led the Mexican government to take steps to stop fur-
ther American migration into Texas. This decision was encour-
aged by the efforts of two presidents of the United States, John
Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson, to buy Texas." In 1829,
Lucas Aleman, secretary of state for Mexico, presented a lengthy
report to the Mexican Congress on efforts of the United States
to infiltrate Texas so as to "bring forward ridiculous pretensions,
founded upon historical facts which are admitted by nobody,
such as LaSalle's voyages, now known to be a falsehood, but which,
at this time, serve as a support for their claims to Texas."4 Sub-
sequent to the presentation of this report a series of specific rec-
1"J. C. Clapper's Journal and Book of Memoranda For 1828," Quarterly of the
Texas State Historical Association, XIII, 78.
2Mattie Austin Hatcher, Letters of an Early American Traveler: Mary Austin
Holley, Her Life and Her Works 1784-z846 (Dallas, 1933), 115-116.
sEugene C. Barker, The Life of Stephen F. Austin (Austin, 1925), 297.
4Henderson Yoakum, History of Texas From Its First Settlement in 1685 to Its
Annexation to the United States in 1846 (2 vols., New York, 1856), I, 278-79.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961, periodical, 1961; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101190/m1/243/: accessed November 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.