The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961 Page: 284
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
there and was not fought on Texas soil. A typographical error is
noted in the date May 12, 1958, which should be 1858. The
battle was fought on what is now Western Oklahoma soil, in the
Antelope Hills of the Canadian River. The author says that
"Cynthia Ann rode from this bloody battle with her infant
daughter . . [and her] two sons ... about the ages of ten and
twelve, were riding ponies by her side. ... " Quanah was then
about four years old, Pecos about two, and Prairie Flower was
not born yet. According to Wellman, Quanah was born about
1847 (he died in 1911 at the age of sixty-four years of age).
Mrs. Jackson states (p. i o) that in 186o Quanah was "about
fourteen" and that he was "born about 1854." According to her
figures, he was six years old in 186o. Futhermore, Cynthia Ann
was not in the battle nor at the site of it. The Comanche village
of women and children fled their village on the Canadian before
Nocona led his warriors out to the site of the battle to join the
Comanches under Pohebits Quasho.
The author says (p. 81) that the "victory at Wichita Moun-
tains by Captain Ross cooled the Comanches down. . ." This
battle (1858) was not in the Wichita Mountains. It occurred at
the Wichita Village at Rush Springs, Indian Territory, where
the Comanches were visiting the Wichita tribe. Federal troops
and Texas Rangers pushed across the Red River to punish the
Comanches. Fearful, the Wichitas had fled east to seek protection
near Fort Arbuckle.
At the Battle of Pease River, 186o, Cynthia Ann and her daugh-
ter were taken by Captain L. S. (Sul) Ross. Here the Texas
Rangers, the Second Dragoons, and Jack Cureton's Volunteers
surprised some Comanches. In this battle, Mrs. Jackson relates
(pp. 85-88) the old DeShields' story of the killing of Peta Nocona
by Captain Ross. Peta Nocona and his two boys were not there,
and he died years later, according to later information. The man
killed by Ross was a Mexican slave of Nocona. Also, according
to information obtained from Mrs. Neda Parker Birdsong (Qua-
nah's daughter), it was not much of a victory. It was a surprise
attack upon a camp of women, children, and slaves who were
gathering, drying, and loading buffalo meat for winter use. No
Indian braves were present.
There are other mistakes, but these will suffice. Perhaps the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961, periodical, 1961; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101190/m1/316/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.