The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961 Page: 15
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Texas Failure to Send a Deputy to the Spanish Cortes 15
The exact date of the arrival of this decree in New Spain is
not known. It was published in the Gazeta de Mdxico on April
15, 18o9, but three days prior to that a copy of it was sent by
Viceroy Pedro de Garibay to Nemesio Salcedo, commandant gen-
eral of the Interior Provinces of which Texas formed a part.
Garibay, upon having received the decree, had asked his legal
advisers to interpret its application in Mexico and, upon their
advice, reported to Salcedo that it appeared that of all the Interior
Provinces only the capital of Durango was entitled to take part
in the election of a representative. Salcedo's attorney in Chi-
huahua, disagreeing with the opinion of the viceregal advisers,
asserted that Monclova, Coahuila; San Fernando de B6xar, Texas;
Santa Fe, New Mexico; and Chihuahua, Chihuahua, each met all
the prerequisites for participation in the election. He suggested,
however, that under the circumstances the municipal council of
Chihuahua should elect three individuals in the name of the
provinces of Coahuila, Texas, New Mexico, and Chihuahua.2
Salcedo, on May i2, 1809, sent a copy of the law with the opinions
rendered by his own attorney and the viceregal advisers to the gov-
ernor of Texas and instructed him to take whatever action he
might deem appropriate
Manuel de Salcedo, governor of Texas, replied to his uncle,4
Nemesio Salcedo, on June 1, 18o9, that he thought it best that
Texas be joined with Durango in this matter, because Texas did
not have a fully constituted municipal council or any citizens that
had the qualifications demanded by the position. He concluded
by saying that in due course he would draw up a list of instruc-
tions detailing the needs of the province, which should be trans-
20Opinion rendered by Attorney Herrera for Nemesio Salcedo, Chihuahua, May
lo, 18o09 (MS., Nacogdoches Archives, Archives Division, Texas State Library).
Compare Carlos E. Castafieda, Our Catholic Heritage (7 vols.; Austin, 1936-1958),
V, 436-437, where this election is confused with the later election to the Cortes.
aNemesio Salcedo to Manuel de Salcedo, May 12, 1809 (MS., Bexar Archives,
University of Texas Library).
4Manuel de Salcedo, the governor of Texas, has been called the son, grandson,
and nephew of Nemesio. Many writers have contributed to the confusion of the
relationship. Manuel was the nephew of Nemesio as is clearly revealed in his letter
from Natchitoches of September 3, 18o8, to Antonio Cordero and Cordero's reply
of September 12, 18o8. Both letters in the Bexar Archives refer to Nemesio Salcedo
as the uncle of Manuel.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961, periodical, 1961; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101190/m1/33/: accessed July 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.