The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961 Page: 349
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New Jersey Pioneers in Texas
he reveled in the social life of the community and seems to have
had many friends. Closest among them was his Cousin Richard
Burrowes Walling, brother of George and John. Jack's letters
from the West hint at an unpleasant experience, and his brother
Thomas declared that he had "erred." Perhaps it contributed to
his decision to go west, but his high spirits and restless tempera-
ment and the example of a brother in California would appear
to have offered sufficient stimulation.
In any event Jack, now twenty-seven, started westward in mid-
October of 1855, by way of Buffalo, and presumably the Great
Lakes, to Chicago. West of Chicago he paused to inspect land,
prices and prospects at Rockford and Beloit. He was favorably
impressed, but he found land high, twenty to sixty dollars per
acre. He proceeded to Dubuque, where he entered the Iowa
prairie. A few weeks later he was in Iowa City. He was enthusi-
astic about Iowa's future and predicted that it would soon be
one of the nation's foremost agricultural areas. More interested
in speculation than farming, however, he bided his time. Iowa
City was a railroad terminal, a western nerve center in touch with
the East, and a logical point to await the passage of winter.
After some weeks he decided that his future lay further west or
south. The railroad had already created a "rush" at Iowa City,
and had advanced the price of land. Only large investors, he be-
lieved, could profit here.
Correspondence with George Walling turned his thoughts to-
ward Texas, and in mid-February he was off for Galveston, and a
look at farming and ranching there.
His first report from Texas was scarcely complimentary. Writing
from Galveston on February 26, 1856, just after his arrival, he
The appearance of the country at this point is not very flattering.
It is very low and sandy and today it is raining almost all the time
and very hot and muggy. But I shall leave this afternoon at 3 o'clock
for Houston and shall go from there to Austin and thence to San
Antonio, and if I don['] t see anything that suits me, then I shall
return to Iowa."
1Jack Burrowes to Richard B. Walling, February 26, 1856. The Burrowes manu-
scripts are in the possession of Mrs. Charles M. Snyder, Oswego, New York.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 64, July 1960 - April, 1961, periodical, 1961; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101190/m1/384/: accessed October 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.