The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 65, July 1961 - April, 1962 Page: 93
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Notes and Documents
lines, I reflect upon their progress with renewed wonder and admiration. They
are indeed the organized conquerers of the wild, uniting in themselves the three-
fold attributes of husbandmen, law-givers and soldiers.
The rapid growth of the colonies excited the alarm of the Mexi-
can government and people. They believed it meant the loss of
Texas, so they began in their own way to impose repressive regula-
tions, hoping to stem the threatened inundation and to either
Mexicanize those who had entered or drive them out. A convention
of delegates met at San Felipe on October 1, 1832. Stephen F. Aus-
tin was chosen president. They set forth their grievances and peti-
tioned for the repeal of the Act of April 6, 183o, which forbade
the entrance of settlers from the United States; for modification of
the tariff laws and for the creation of Texas as a state of the Mexican
Republic. A second convention was held at the same place on April
1, 1833. William H. Wharton was elected president, over Stephen
F. Austin. This had some significance, indicating that resistance was
growing, as Wharton was regarded as more radical than Austin. The
same complaints were considered, a constitution for the new State
of Texas, was prepared and Stephen F. Austin, Dr. James B. Miller
and Erasmo Seguin were sent as messengers to Mexico. At this con-
vention Sam Houston appeared, for the first time, as a citizen and
delegate. Austin proceeded to Mexico where he was imprisoned and
did not return to Texas until the summer of 1834 . On his
arrival he found the country in a ferment. A general consultation
was called to meet at San Felipe on October 15th. Before it could
assemble the first gun of the revolution was fired at Gonzales. In
the meantime, the Texans, under Ben Milam and Frank Johnson, had
Captured San Antonio, and cleared 'Texas of all Mexican forces. But
the rumbling of war was heard across the border and they knew
that the Mexican army would soon be invading Texas. A general
convention of delegates from all the colonies was called to meet at
Washington, on the Brazos, on March 1, 1836.
Washington was selected, because it was accessible from all the
colonies. In 1822 Andrew Robinson, first settler in that section, opened
a ferry across the Brazos, just below the mouth of the Navasota
river, and trails from the upper and eastern settlements, had been
beaten out by travelers, bound for the lower colonies. And in 1833,
John W. Hall, son-in-law of Robinson, and his associates, laid off
a townsite, which Dr. Asa Hoxey, one of the founders, named
Washington, in honor of his birthplace, Washington, Ga. Nature
had lavished her richest gifts on this region, which afterwards be-
came Washington county. Situated one hundred miles inland from
the coast, and just below the Hidalgo bluffs, the first of the steppes
of soft limestone extending through Texas, from northeast to south-
west, and ascending in series like a giant's stairway, to the high
plateau north of the Canadian river; the soft breezes of the gulf
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 65, July 1961 - April, 1962, periodical, 1962; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101195/m1/117/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.