The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 65, July 1961 - April, 1962 Page: 12
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ships. Defeated in every effort to capture the port, Kittredge
shelled the empty town, but total Southern casualties in victory
were only two wounded and one killed.37
Once the town had been successfully defended its position was
rapidly improved by subsequent events, beginning with the ar-
rival of Captain Herman Willke's battery of two twenty-four-
pounder howitzers and four twelve-pounders on August 27.38
Hobby's local popularity increased even more when Captain John
Ireland's company of his battalion captured Lieutenant Kitt-
redge, surprised while ashore south of Corpus Christi in early
September."8 To insure against heavier assaults on the community,
Felix A. Blucher rebuilt the north battery, adding a bombproof,
and constructed two new batteries on the south side of town. The
new water battery housed two twenty-four-pounder howitzers,
while a sunken position on the bluff held an eighteen-pounder.40
As early as July 30, 1862, Major Getulius Kellersberger re-
ported the works at Sabine Pass to be inadequate and the battery
of two thirty-two-pounders and two eighteen-pounders poorly
equipped.41 Before the engineer's suggested improvements had
been made, however, three Federal vessels entered the pass and
engaged the fort on September 24, 1862. Captain K. D. Keith
commanding the local artillery company, a part of Ashley W.
Spaight's Battalion, held the position until after dark under a
continuous bombardment from beyond extreme range for his
cannon. Major Josephus S. Irvine, a San Jacinto veteran com-
manding in Spaight's absence, ordered the pieces spiked and all
stores removed from the works which were abandoned by 8:00oo
A.M. the next morning. Yellow fever had cut into the battalion's
strength but reinforcements arrived quickly and the Union sailors
limited their efforts to burning the railroad depot at Beaumont,
37Major A. M. Hobby's reports, August 16, 18, 1862, Oficial Records, Series I,
Vol. IX, 621-623; Ranchero Extra (Corpus Christi), August ig, 1862.
3sBrigadier General H. P. Bee's report, August 26, 1862, Oficial Records, Series I,
Vol. IX, 619-621.
3oBrigadier General H. P. Bee's report, September 24, 1862, ibid., 624.
40Felix A. Blucher to Major E. F. Gray, October 15, 1862, ibid., Series I, Vol. XV,
41Major J. Kellersberg [G. Kellersberger] to Colonel X. B. DeBray, July 30o, 1862,
ibid., Series I, Vol. IX, 729. Kellersberger, born in Switzerland in 1821, came to
America in 1849, where he married and worked as an engineer in California and
Mexico prior to the war.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 65, July 1961 - April, 1962, periodical, 1962; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101195/m1/24/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.