The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963 Page: 1

VOL. LXVI JULY, 1962 No. 1
Camp word
Confederate v/ilitary Priso
was established about August 27, 1863,E when a group of
Federal officers captured the previous June were placed
in a camp about four miles northeast of the town of Tyler at a
spring site on a road leading towards Gladewater, Texas.2 Seven
months later, in April, 1864, Camp Ford was greatly enlarged,
serving thereafter as the chief prison in the Confederate Trans-
Mississippi Department. Camp Ford was probably created on
authority from Lieutenant General Edmund Kirby Smith, de-
partmental commander, at Shreveport, Louisiana, but the com-
mandant became responsible to Smith's subordinate, Major Gen-
eral John B. Magruder, commanding the District of Texas."
Any attempt to describe Camp Ford must take into account the
factors of time and size of prison population. The larger the num-
ber of prisoners, the more acute were the difficulties at the camp.
No stockade was built until November, 1863, when the arrival
of about 450 prisoners captured at Stirling's Plantation, Louisiana,
brought the total number of prisoners to over 500. Almost imme-
diately, however, Camp Ford was drastically reduced on Novem-
'A. J. H. Duganne, Camps and Prisons: Twenty Months in the Department of
the Gulf (New York, 1865), 190o.
2Albert Woldert, A History of Tyler and Smith County, Texas (San Antonio,
1948), S9; Mattie Alice Baker, Camp Ford (Master's thesis, East Texas State Col-
lege, 1958), 1.
sMajor Thomas F. Tucker to Captain Edmund P. Turner, November 7, 1863,
War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Oficial Records of the Union and
Confederate Armies (70 vols. in 128; Washington, 1880-1goi), Series II, Vol. VI, 484.

Upcoming Pages

Here’s what’s next.

upcoming item: 14 14 of 684
upcoming item: 15 15 of 684
upcoming item: 16 16 of 684
upcoming item: 17 17 of 684

Show all pages in this issue.

This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.

Tools / Downloads

Get a copy of this page .

Citing and Sharing

Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.

Reference the current page of this Periodical.

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963, periodical, 1963; Austin, Texas. ( accessed November 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.

International Image Interoperability Framework (This Page)