The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963 Page: 239
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Notes and Documents
and later ordering a large part of the garrison withdrawn to
During the spring and summer of 1812, the volunteers for the
expedition gathered in the Neutral Ground, passing through
Natchitoches in the guise of parties of hunters. By July, they had
enough manpower to move against the Spaniards. Crossing the
Sabine River and routing a small party of the enemy, the filibust-
ers set up headquarters at Nacogdoches and spent the summer
adding to their strength and collecting supplies.16 In mid-Septem-
ber, the expedition marched, about 400 strong, for San Antonio,
capital of the Spanish province of Texas. On reaching the Colo-
rado River, they learned that Governor Manuel Salcedo had
collected all his troops at San Antonio and had moved out to meet
them at the San Marcos River. Plans were immediately changed
and the expedition marched for La Bahia, near the coast. La
Bahia was taken without any trouble and there, a few days later,
the filibusters were placed under siege by Governor Salcedo. The
siege lasted about four months and was marked by a series of
small battles and skirmishes which, although without definite
results, helped to wear down the determination of the Spanish
militia. In February, 1813, Colonel Magee died and was succeeded
in command by Lieutenant Colonel Samuel Kemper. The final
battle at La Bahia took place about February o, and a few days
later Salcedo retired to San Antonio.
It took the Americans about a month to recover from the
effects of the siege, to collect more manpower including some
Indians, and to gather fresh mounts. They finally left La Bahia
in mid-March and were met four days later, at Salado Creek, by
Governor Salcedo and his army. The resulting Battle of Rosalis
was a complete victory for the filibusters, and the Americans en-
tered San Antonio two days later without meeting any further
As the Americans approached the city, they were met by Gov-
ernor Salcedo and thirteen other leading Spaniards of the royal
forces in Texas who surrendered to the filibusters. Apparently
15Julia Kathryn Garrett, "Dr. John Sibley and the Louisiana-Texas Frontier,
1803-1814," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XLIX, 417n.
t1For details of the active phase of the expedition and references, see narrative
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963, periodical, 1963; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/m1/261/?rotate=90: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.