The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963 Page: 464
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464 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
beef or mutton and water.'04 The Americans having no suspicion of
their designs readily consented to this arrangement and the prisoners
were marched out next morning and placed in the custody of a set
of cutthroats selected for the purpose,'05 who marched them to the
scene of their late defeat and there cut their throats, leaving them
naked on the fields.
CONTENTS.-Organization of the Government-Pastime of the
Americans-The mexicans plot for the destruction of the Americans
-Cooshattie Indians leave-Kemper and others take leave of absence
-Treachery of the Mexicans-Arrival of Elisondo-Elisondo's de-
mand-The men refuse to retreat-Col. Ross deserts-Prepared for
The Americans were not apprised of this barbarous and inhuman
104Bullard, who did not arrive in San Antonio until some time after this incident,
says that the Spanish officers were sent off under heavy guard on the pretext of
putting them aboard a vessel in Matagorda Bay, bound for New Orleans. "It is due
to the American officers, some of whom were men of honor and character, to say
that they were ignorant of any design to commit so foul an outrage ..." Villars
says that the Spanish officers were tried by a Court Martial, packed with the
family of Jos6 Menchaca, whom Villars says was executed on order of Salcedo.
Gaines adds that a Lieutenant Sice also had been executed on order of Salcedo
for revolutionary activities. The night of the surrender of the Spanish officers,
Kemper, Ross, and other American officers dined with Salcedo at his home and
passed the night there, although the Spanish soldiers had not yet been disarmed.
Salcedo himself disarmed his troops the following day. [Bullard], Book Review,
North American Review, XLIII, 256; Information derived from John Villars, in
Gulick and others, Lamar Papers, VI, 151; Information from Capt. Gaines, ibid.,
I, 281; Shaler to Monroe, June 13, 1813, Shaler Papers.
105The troops who carried out this butchery were commanded by Antonio
Delgado and one Ruiz, commander of the garrison of the Alamo. Colonel A. J.
Navarro gives the following account, "some of the assassins (Delgado's company),
with brutal irony, whetted their knives upon the soles of their shoes in the
presence of their victims. The day following the assassination, I myself saw this
band of murderers, led by their commander Antonio Delgado, halt in front of the
government buildings; I myself heard them inform Bernardo Gutierrez that the
fourteen victims had been put to death." Thrall, Pictorial History, 118.
1o0This installment appears in San Antonio Tri-Weekly Alamo Express, Feb-
ruary 13, 1861. On page 3 of this issue appears the following: "In consequence of
the accidental oversight of the notes, they did not appear in their proper place;
along with the narrative. The first note belongs to chapter 4th, the remainder will
be found to belong to the chapter in today's paper."
To differentiate between footnotes provided by McLane and those provided by
the editor, the former will be identified by letters (a-b-c), in lieu of the printer's
symbols used in the original. Editor's note will continue to be marked with arabic
numerals. As the asterisk to indicate the position of the first note was omitted,
the note is inserted here.
aThe Americans were much surprised at the voluntary surrender of these officers,
they having ample time to retire from San Antonio into the interior before the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963, periodical, 1963; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/m1/500/?rotate=90: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.