The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963 Page: 475
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Notes and Documents 475
of the Medina river,13r at a small stream of water, where they were
joined by Col. Kemper, Judge Bullock, Wm. Bullet and six others.138
The spies came in after dark and reported, that they had kept the
enemy in view, until they encamped for the night, about six miles
from the Americans. The spies were sent out in the morning; and
the troops formed at 8 o'clock on the south side of the stream with
a post oak grove in rear and an opening in front-a most admirable
position, with a company of Americans and one of Mexicans, alter-
nately in the line, in single file,-sending forward the advance guard.
After remaining in position about an hour and a half, the advance
guard was attacked;187 and, instead of their falling back, the whole
line was ordered forward to their support.
When they arrived at the advance post, they repulsed the enemy,
it being a small party of Cavalry. Gen. Toledo then ordered the troops
to return and resume their former position, and await the approach
of the enemy. Col. Menchaca replied, that his men were not in the
habit of retreating, and if they were not led on to meet the enemy,
they would abandon the lines and return home. Gen. Toledo mani-
Americans, with a train of eight pieces of artillery. Wilkinson sets the figure at
1200oo, including Indians. Arredondo estimated the republican strength at 3000,
including 600o Indians. Ibid.; Wilkinson to Shaler, included with Shaler to Monroe,
September 5, 1813, Shaler Papers; Seb S. Wilcox (ed.), "Arredondo's Report of
the Battle of Medina," Southwestern Historical Quarterly, XLIII, 257-258.
"laBullard says that the Medina was a steep ravine rather than a river and
that at this season it was dry, but the banks were so steep and the passes so narrow
as to impede the passage of artillery. The Americans crossed and took position
where they could watch the only two fords by which San Antonio could be ap-
proached from that direction. [Bullard], Book Review, North American Review,
186In the text of Irene Viesca, H. H. McLane gives these last two names as
"Judge Bullet" and "William Bullock." This may be one of the errors of the
printer mentioned in the Alamo Express. Judge Bullet may be the Judge Murry
Bullard mentioned by Gaines as drawing up papers in support of claims for pay
and land under a Mexican law of June 13, 1823. A lawyer Bullitt received a letter
from Miguel Quinn in 18o8, describing conditions in Texas. Moses Austin reports
a Judge Bullett from St. Louis as being in the vicinity of his Missouri mines in
1816. Barker, Austin Papers, II, Pt. 1, 939, 254, 1346; McLane, Irene Viesca,
394; Hatcher, Opening of Texas to Foreign Settlement, z8oz-z82z, 142n.
18'According to Arredondo, the republican position was discovered more or less
by accident when Alferes Don Francisco Lopez became separated from the main
body and was fired on. He continues, that during the attack of the republican ad-
vance guard, he sent 150 men under the Reverend Lieutenant Colonel Don Juan
Manuel Zambrano to assist his advance and that, the republicans thought, was his
entire force and pressed their attack. He gives the Spanish strength as 1,830; 635
infantry and 1,195 cavalry, but states the men of Elisondo's column lacked training.
Villars gives a figure of 4000. Hatcher, "Arredondo's Report of the Battle of the
Medina," Quarterly of the Texas State Historical Association, XI, 223-224; In-
formation derived from John Villars, in Gulick and others, Lamar Papers, VI, 152a
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963, periodical, 1963; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/m1/511/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.