The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963 Page: 477
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Notes and Documents
having broken down by the fatigues of the march and in the chase.141
Col. Manchaca finding his infantry, rallied the mounted Mexicans and
one hundred Sonkawana Indians, that had joined the Americans in
the morning, and met the enemy's cavalry as they advanced to com-
plete their victory, and after a violent contest in which both parties
sustained considerable loss-the Indians losing their chief and several
warriors-they drove their cavalry from the field. They were not seen
again during the day. Madame rumor said they returned to Loredo
and reported their army cut up, and themselves all that had escaped.
All the Americans that were able advanced up to the enemy's breast-
works and picked off their men at the guns, until they silenced their
whole line of artillery. They had kept up such an incessant fire with
their artillery that the elements around them were a dense mass of
smoke. When their cannon were silenced their whole line gave way,
and Arredondo having taken position on commanding ground in the
rear, perceiving his cannon silenced, his cavalry gone, and infantry
retreating, ordered his aid to draw the men off and prepare for a
retreat. When the aid advanced to their lines, the smoke having blown
off, he discovered that there were but a handful of Americans opposing
them, and he rallied their men and returned to their works and
resumed the fire of their cannon.142 The Americans having discovered
their own hopeless condition, retired from their position, leaving the
enemy a clear field, on which they continued to discharge their cannon
for an hour; giving the Americans ample time to get out of their
reach if they had not found a more dangerous foe in the rear.143 The
deserters and some of the prisoners who had been enrolled in San
Antonio, into the ranks with the Mexicans, had commenced a general
slaughter of the retreating Americans in order to make fair weather
for themselves. They butchered most of those who had broken down,
cut them in quarters, and suspended them on poles and limbs of
"41According to H. H. McLane, his hero (Father) was one of those who broke
down and thus was spared from the fatal phase of the battle. McLane, Irene
142Bullard and Gaines both say that Arredondo was advised of the poor position
of the Americans by Colonel Musquiz, commander of a squadron of provincial
cavalry, who turned the Spanish rear and then surrendered to Arredondo. Musquiz
told Arredondo that the Americans were whipped and fainting for lack of water.
By this time Arredondo had mounted a fresh horse to make his escape. [Bullard],
Book Review, North American Review, XLIII, 242; Information from Capt. Gaines,
in Gulick and others, Lamar Papers, I, 283.
n'aAmong those wounded were John Villars and Peter Boon. Villars was taken
to Monterrey when Arredondo returned there, and was released. Edmund Quirk
was taken also and released after some time spent in a cell in the Alamo. One of
the Gormleys was also taken and later released though Niles Register reported the
two Gormleys as missing after the battle. Information derived from John Villars,
ibid., IV, Pt. 1, 261; George Louis Crockett, Two Centuries in East Texas (Dallas,
1932), 62-63; Niles Register, V, o104; Shaler to Monroe, February 7, 1814, Shaler
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963, periodical, 1963; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/m1/513/: accessed May 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.