The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963 Page: 558
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
eaten even so when dry tasted well, and if cooked and seasoned still
This was done by a caravan of Mexican cart drivers, who were
hauling goods, and who received but little pay per month, but as oxen
were cheap then, and as they were content on a diet of corn bread and
beans, they had but little expenses.
But to proceed with my narrative: On the following day we passed
the long train of Mr. McGoffin," of Chihuahua-the same train that
Mr. Kendall saw passing through San Miguel while he was confined
there-but we were not allowed to speak to the men. A little before
sundown, we reached the village of Joya" and here we were allowed a
shelter for the night in two or three old abandoned rooms. By making
an early start the following morning, we were enabled to reach Parida,
a small town immediately on the banks of the Rio Grande, by the
middle of the afternoon. Here a Mexican came to our quarters, and
motioned to me and an American youth to go with him. He took us
to his house and fed us plenty of beans, tortillas, and miel, (molasses).
After being through our meal he took us back and delivered us to the
guard. I do not know whether any other of my companions were as
fortunate as we two boys or not. After a hasty breakfast of mush on
the following morning, we were again upon our journey. A short walk
brought us to the banks of the Rio Grande, here, some four hundred
yards in width. The water was cold and nearly waist deep to our men,
yet we were obliged to ford it, and after we crossed it we had entered
the Mexican territory for the first time. If I say for the first time I
say by treaty with Santa Anna, after he was taken prisoner at the
battle of San Jacinto, who assumed to cede all the territory this side
of the Rio Grande to Texas.
An hour's brisk march brought us to Socorro, the last settlement,
(the way Salezar took us), before reaching El Paso. As Salezar had
to make a demand on the alcalde for corn and meal enough to
sustain us across the long and dreary waste yet to travel, we were per-
mitted to remain at Socorro until the following day.
When we were at Socorro, a party of Indians, belonging to the
large and powerful tribe of Apaches, were encamped in the vicinity.
They live for the most part in a rough and mountainous country, yet,
like the Comanches and Pawnees, are ever on horseback, and are
daring and skillful riders. With the inhabitants of Chihuahua and
Durango they are at continual and open war, murdering and robbing
the inhabitants whenever the opportunity offers; yet with the people
of New Mexico they are at peace, and the plunder they obtain in their
"James Wiley Magoffin, a Kentuckian, had been a Santa Fe trader since the
early 182o's while living in Chihuahua.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 66, July 1962 - April, 1963, periodical, 1963; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101196/m1/598/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.