The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963 - April, 1964 Page: 131
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One chapter contains the Sett'an and Anko Kiowa calendars
that reveal much of the history of the Kiowas as well as the people
with whom they were associated or fought. Kiowa history is in-
separable from much of Comanche history. There are accounts of
Grant's peace policy, so puzzling to the Indians and to many
white men alike, of war trails between the reservation in southern
Oklahoma and the Texas and North Mexican frontiers, of the
exploits of Satanta, Lone Wolf, White Horse, and others who
wrote their names in blood.
In this study Mildred Mayhall has brought to bear on the
Kiowas her knowledge of ethnology and it is as a work of
ethnohistory that the book is outstanding. There is a clear and
well illustrated account of Kiowa tribal structure, with the six
subtribes or bands, each with its special place in the tribal cere-
monial circle. One of these bands was the Kiowa-Apache, an
alien group that had been attached to the tribe so long that it
was recognized as a part of it. There is an account of the complex
kinship system of the Kiowas; of the ranks of men in warfare,
from the Onde, or great warrior class (attained by birth) to the
Dapom, or no-accounts; of the Six Soldiers societies; and the
heraldic system. The author explains the system of personal
names, marriage customs and divorce, and the care of children
and education. The following summary is impressive: "They
[children] were taught and rewarded rather than punished and
corrected. They were regarded as individual personalities in the
best tradition of modern progressive education." (p. 125)
The last chapter of the study fittingly deals with the reserva-
tion period, the Kiowa in transition. This story is not too pleas-
ant; for efforts from above have been directed toward teaching
the Indian to live as the white man lives, and that is about the
last thing that many Indians, even twentieth century Indians,
By the Jerome agreement the Kiowas got land in severalty
early in the twentieth century, each Indian young or old his
16o acres. At first the land would be held in trust for him, but
after twenty years or more the Indian would secure title in fee
simple. The author sketches briefly the losses and gains of the
Kiowas during the twentieth century, and it seems that there
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963 - April, 1964, periodical, 1964; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101197/m1/153/?rotate=270: accessed December 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.