The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963 - April, 1964 Page: 212
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
and deserters and Unionists-pillaged towns and bushwhacked
At last Kirby Smith reached Houston, but by that time every-
thing in Texas had crumbled-all the cavalry and infantry had
disbanded and control over troops and jayhawkers and everyone
else was gone. On May 22, Kirby Smith and Magruder were
generals without an army. Several days later they heard that on
May 26 Kirby Smith's chief of staff had surrendered the Trans-
Mississippi Department at New Orleans, and that a Federal
steamer was bringing the surrender terms to Galveston for Kirby
Smith's signature. There was little he could do but give it; and
on June 2, with Magruder at his side, he boarded the ship in the
harbor and signed away the last, lingering hope of the South.126
Soon after, fearing that the Yankees might persecute them, the
two men joined a column of diehard Southerners on their way
to Mexico. In the ranks were cavalrymen from Missouri including
such reputable commanders as Joe Shelby and Sterling Price.
Governor Murrah of Texas, too, was there. So were two other
Confederate governors and several lesser politicians and private
citizens. They moved on through Eagle Pass, stopped at the Rio
Grande so that the troopers could bury their flags in the muddy
waters, and then rode out of a land whose people had fought so
hard and so sadly for a cause that was perhaps lost from the
beginning.127 For those tired, empty men who crossed the Mexico
plain toward Monterrey, as well as for thousands of Southerners
who remained in Texas, in Arkansas, Georgia, and everywhere
else in the South, the "bright dream" of the Confederacy was
over. Perhaps they could all-as a young soldier on his way home
to Marshall expressed it-perhaps they could all "fall down in the
dust and weep over our great misfortune, our great calamities."128
1260eicial Records, Series I, Vol. XLVIII, Pt. 2, 6oo-6oi; Series II, Vol. VIII, 717.
127John N. Edwards, Shelby and His Men; or, The War in the West (Cincinnati,
128Heartsill, Fourteen Hundred and Ninety-One Days, 245.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963 - April, 1964, periodical, 1964; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101197/m1/252/: accessed September 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.