The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963 - April, 1964 Page: 396
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
sive figure, it is slightly above the median school years completed
for the state and for the nation in that year.
Although religious preferences vary considerably in the heart-
land, the province is predominantly a Baptist and Methodist
stronghold. The last government census of membership in re-
ligious bodies was conducted in 1936 (Table 18). Fortunately,
there have been continuing efforts by private groups to prepare
reasonably accurate figures. The Texas Council of Churches
compiled a list in August, 1960, which showed that great gains in
membership were enjoyed by all major religious bodies. The
percentages, however, remained approximately the same as those
shown in Table 18. The religious picture in the heartland in 1960
was similar to the religious picture of the state as a whole. The
most glaring exception was that only about 3 per cent of the
area's church members were Roman Catholics, while approxi-
mately 30o per cent of the church members of the state were
In conclusion, it appears that history must describe the
heartland as a province supporting a preponderance of
agricultural occupations although agrarian endeavor has become
much more diversified. The province supports a population of
low density which is possessed with unequal and variable wealth,
but characterized by a high degree of ethnic homogeneity and
social balance. Mechanization of agriculture, unstable farm prices,
urban migration, and physical limitations have forced the decline
of cultivated crops and the decay of small-farm society. Many
heartlanders in 196o were engaged in non-farm occupations. Al-
though the future of the Western Cross Timbers does not appear
too bright, the area's chief hope seems to depend largely upon
social adaptations centering around the region's potential as a
livestock producing province.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 67, July 1963 - April, 1964, periodical, 1964; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101197/m1/458/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.