The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 121

Book Reviews

Pearce acknowledges that the Matador "experienced the same
vicissitudes which drove other organizations of its kind into bank-
ruptcy or into colonizing activities," but it nevertheless enjoyed
remarkable success under the capable management of such men
as H. H. Campbell, Murdo Mackenzie, and John MacBain. In
spite of such major crises as excessive taxation and droughts, sub-
stantial dividends were paid Matador shareholders after 194o as
a result of higher livestock prices and good land sales, enhanced
eventually by the discovery of oil "several miles from Matador
ranch land." In addition to the home range which centered in
Motley County, Texas, and which was the birthplace of the Mata-
dor, divisions of the company were located in the neighboring
panhandle counties of Oldham and Hartley, in the Cheyenne
River and Pine Ridge Indian Reservations in South Dakota, in
the Fort Belknap Reservation in Montana, and at Swift Current,
Saskatchewan, in Canada. When the company went into liquida-
tion in 1951, "the probable market value" of the Texas ranches,
consisting of 791,707 acres, was appraised at almost $20,000,000.
The Matador Land and Cattle Company contains lists of Mata-
dor personnel, receipts from cattle sales, names of ranch managers,
and other information absolutely vital to the story, but they are
largely confined to the appendices of the book. Photographs and
maps are skillfully woven into the narrative and are extremely
helpful. The reader is therefore provided not only with a read-
able account of the business operations of the Matador but also
with a colorful description of Matador range life. The consider-
able importance of this work is immediately grasped when the
reader comes to comprehend the great significance of the Matador
enterprise in the history of the American cattle industry.
Abilene Christian College
The Episcopal Church in Texas, 1838-1874. By Lawrence L. Brown.
Austin (The Church Historical Society), 1963- Pp. 271. Ap-
pendix, index. $5.oo.
Lawrence L. Brown has just about balanced the efforts of Epis-
copal clergy-historians in Texas between church and general his-
tory. Until he came along the score was two to one on the side of
general Texas history.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. ( accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.