The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 173
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Unionism in Texas, 1856-i861
"grand president"; Lieutenant Governor D. C. Dickson' had been
its nominee for governor in 1854; and Sam Houston had publicly
supported the party." Prominent figures at the 1856 state con-
vention included John Hancock" and John S. Ford' of Travis
County and Benjamin H. Epperson" of Red River County.o
The attitude of Texas Know Nothings toward Millard Fillmore,
the 1856 presidential nominee of the national party convention,
was expressed in the Washington, Texas, American:
We are confident that the ticket proposed, although not so acceptible
[sic] to Texas as another might have been for the first officer, will
secure the entire strength of the party, besides a heavy outside vote.
The presidential career of Mr. Fillmore is yet fresh in the memory
of national Southern men. The heroism with which he crushed sec-
tional strife and free-soil agitation endears him to the lovers of truth
and free institutions.1o
With the addition of the Huntsville Union Advocate and the
Palestine American to the list, nineteen Texas newspapers were
claimed by the American Party forces in January, 1856." Party
rallies were held in San Antonio," Seguin," Anderson," Washing-
ton County," and Austin County.'"
'Dickson later served in the Texas Militia during the Civil War.
"Llerena B. Friend, Sam Houston, the Great Designer (Austin, 1954), 245, 292-
293, 296; Texas State Gazette (Austin), August 1, 1855.
6Hancock settled in Austin in 1847 to practice law with A. J. Hamilton. He be-
came a district judge in 1851 and was elected to the Texas legislature on a Union
ticket in 186o. He declined to take the oath of allegiance to the Confederacy the
next year and resigned. In 1864, he went to Mexico for a few months. When the war
ended he was in Kentucky, but he soon returned to Texas. See James D. Lynch, The
Bench and Bar in Texas (St. Louis, 1885), 422-435-
"Ford would later support the Confederacy.
8Epperson ran as a Whig for governor in 1851. He supported Houston during the
secession crisis; after secession he supported the Confederate cause without reserva-
tion. See Claude Elliott, Leathercoat, the Life of a Texas Patriot (San Antonio,
1938), 43-44, 59, 119.
oWinkler, Platforms of Political Parties in Texas, 69.
"1Washington (Texas) American, March 19, 1856.
"Ibid., January 4, 1856.
"Ibid., April 16, 1856.
"San Antonio Weekly Herald, July 5, 1856.
"4Washington (Texas) American, August 2o, 1856.
"Ibid., August 6, 1856.
"San Antonio Weekly Herald, September 27, 1856.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101198/m1/213/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.