The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 260
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
eat, and to make full use of the available beeves, it was decided
to make a contract for slaughtering and packing a portion of
Articles of agreement made and entered into on this the nineteenth
day of September, A.D. One thousand eight hundred and Sixty three
(1863) by and between Major Wm. H. Thomas Commissary &8 Sub-
sistence in the Service of the Confederate States of America as party
of the first part and I. B. Dunn of the State of Texas party of the
Second part Witnesseth that the Said Maj. W. H. Thomas party of
the first part for and in behalf of the Confederate States of America
and the Said I. B. Dunn party of the Second part for himself his
heirs Executors Administrators and assignes have mutually agreed
and by these presents do mutually agree to and with each other in
the manner following Viz
(First) That the Said party of the first part shall deliver or cause to
be delivered unto the Said party of the Second part (or an agent
whom he may appoint to receive the Same) four thousand head of
beef cattle Said beef Cattle to be not under four years of age, at or
near the town of Jefferson Texas The Said beef Cattle to be delivered
in such quantities and at Such times between the fifteenth of No-
vember 1863 and the tenth of January 1864) as may be determined
and required by the party of the Second part
In addition to the above the party of the first Shall deliver or
cause to be delivered to the party of the Second part or his Agent
at the town of Jefferson Texas on or before the fifteenth of November
1863 four hundred and forty thousand pounds of New Iberia Salt.3
The said beef Cattle and Salt to be used by the Said party of the
Second part in the process of packing and curing meat for the Con-
federate States of America in the manner herein after mentioned
(Second) The party of the Second part Shall erect or cause to be
erected at or near Jefferson Texas on or before the fifteenth day of
November 1863 buildings and Machinery necessary for Slaughtering
and packing One hundred and fifty beef cattle per day and that the
8New Iberia Salt was produced on Avery Island, near New Iberia, Louisiana.
For many years salt had been produced there by evaporating it from salty spring
water. In May, 1862, Judge Daniel D. Avery (the island's owner) had new wells
dug to increase the brine content of these springs. One of these excavations uncov-
ered a huge bed of rock salt some fifteen or twenty feet below ground level. As the
Confederacy was hard-pressed for salt, this represented a great discovery. Judge
Avery allowed Confederate officials to develop the mine, which was closely guarded
from enemy raids. At peak production, some 500 men worked in the mine to turn
out 1,3oo bushels of salt each day. This was the only new source of salt found in
the South during the war. Richard Taylor (Richard B. Harwell, ed.), Destruc-
tion and Reconstruction (New York, 1955), 135; Jefferson Davis Bragg, Louisiana
in the Confederacy (Baton Rouge, 1941), 227-228.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101198/m1/300/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.