The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 290

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Grande in consideration for the payment of Texas' bonded debt,
(4) the abolition of the slave trade in Washington, D. C., and
(5) an effective fugitive slave law. Each of the planks of the
Omnibus Bill was defeated except the one which provided for
the establishment of the Territory of Utah. The bill was de-
feated because the packaging of all the sectional issues into one
measure met with too much factional opposition. The fallacy of
the omnibus technique was recognized by the proponents of com-
promise. Separate bills were submitted and passed. Thus, the
great compromise envisioned by Clay, Webster, and Calhoun
was effected. While the Compromise of 1850 temporarily eased
tensions, it did not solve the basic problems which created the
original issues. It offered a sobering historical lesson, which may
be applicable to current problems confronting this nation.
Holman Hamilton's concluding chapter is especially interest-
ing, for it tracks the subsequent historical effect of each of the
acts which comprised the Compromise of 1850. The admission
of California as a free state doomed the political future of the
Whig Party. The money received by Texas for the adjustment of
its boundary was paid primarily to northern speculators. The
vague boundaries established for the new territories created
jurisdictional questions-one of which was only recently settled.
The mere restriction of the slave trade in the national capital
proved unsatisfactory to the abolitionists. The Fugitive Slave
Law was decidedly the most explosive part of the compromise.
Southern slave owners resented the failure of the northerners to
enforce the spirit of the law while even token efforts inflamed
the abolitionists.
This book is well documented and the author is careful to
use primary sources. While the subject covered by the book is
complex, the author's style is quite readable. The book should
be of particular interest to any one concerned with the decade
prior to the Civil War and its impact and implications upon the
subsequent history of the United States. J. J. BOwDEN
Andy Adams: His Life and Writings. By Wilson M. Hudson.
Dallas (Southern Methodist University Press), 1964. Pp.
xv+274. Illustrations, notes, bibliography, index. $5.00.
Like Sam Bass, Andy Adams was an Indiana farm youth who


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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. ( accessed January 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.

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