The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 314
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
bian Horse in America, which was described as a Barb. The
earlier preference in England and America for the Barbary
Arabian was not attributable simply to greater availability. Ara-
bians were available from the Middle-East and had been from
the time of the Crusades. Charles Rhind shipped four stallions
to the United States from Smyrna, Syria, in 1830. One was of-
fered at stud in Kentucky, another in Louisiana, and another in
South Carolina in 1833. They left no permanent imprint, and
were dropped from Skinner's Stallion List after 1835-"
The story of the Barbary Arabian in the Americas would not
be complete without consideration of the effect of the Spanish
imports into Mexico. As with the English colonists, the first
Spanish settlements in Santo Domingo and Cuba were too pre-
carious to hazard many well-bred horses. The original Spanish
colonists were not the nobility of Spain, nor were their horses for
the most part other than the common work stock of northern
Spain. There were, understandably, a few Andalusian horses
which made their way into the northern areas of Spain and which
had been used to up-grade the native stock; however, the Moors
were expelled from southern Spain only in 1492. There had not
been time for the predominately bay, tractable, North African
blooded horses to spread to Asturias and Murcias from whence
the horses of the Caribbean colonists had been drawn.
When Cortes sailed from Cuba for Mexico, he took with him
eleven horses including five mares. Only two of the sixteen were
"fine-bred." They were by color: nine chestnuts of various hues,
three grays, one sorrel, two duns, and one "dark" colored horse.
Later in the year, Narvaez followed Cortes to Mexico with another
eighty-five horses. The colors are not given, but since they were
drawn from the same regions of Cuba and Santo Domingo as were
those of Cortes, it can be presumed that the same colors were
represented. It was from the horses of Cortes and Narvaez, re-
inforced by later importations from southern Spain, that the wild
horses and Indian ponies of North America developed. Later
settlements in Argentina drew heavily on the Andalusian and
Estremaduras stock of southern Spain. The effect can be noted
in the colors: the wild horses of Argentina are ninety per cent
8SConn, The Arabian Horse in America, 40-41.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101198/m1/382/: accessed April 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.