The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 318
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
was the element most often positively identified with the inci-
dents by the residents of North Texas. It is further warranted
because of the widespread and intensive coverage of the events
in the Methodist press, both North and South, preserving and
contributing information which has not been previously used in
describing the happenings. The Methodist press also projected
those events onto the national scene. Editors of the widely cir-
culated weeklies of northern and southern Methodists were ab-
sorbed with the conflict from the spring of 1859, when the
northern church was "expelled" from Texas, until the seces-
sion movement began late in 186o.8
After the division in Methodism over slavery in 1844, the
Methodist Episcopal Church had penetrated Missouri, Arkansas,
and finally Texas. That was in spite of an attempt to resolve the
question of geographical spheres of operation through the Plan
of Separation, which provided that the affiliation of border con-
ferences would be decided by majority vote in each annual con-
ference with individual ministers free to choose their own course.
The plan specifically condemned any attempt by either group to
function in the territory of the other.4 The General Conference
of the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1848, by an overwhelming
majority, repudiated the Plan of Separation after accusing the
South of having violated it.6 Another of the factors used to justify
the action was the offering of memorials from congregations in
Missouri and Arkansas claiming membership in the Methodist
Episcopal Church and requesting that it provide pastoral service
Repudiation of the agreement meant that restraint in organ-
izing the Methodist Episcopal Church in the South was tech-
nically removed. Its Missouri Conference was then reestablished
8The Methodist Episcopal Church published the New York Advocate and Journal
for general circulation and regional papers at Boston, Auburn, New York, Pitts-
burgh, Cincinnati, Chicago, and St. Louis. The Methodist Episcopal Church,
South, published the Nashville Christian Advocate and regional papers at Rich-
mond, Charleston, New Orleans, St. Louis, and Galveston. All participated in this
debate as well as in the debate over slavery generally. The aggregate circulation of
these weeklies approached 175,00o by 1860.
'William Warren Sweet, Methodism in American History (New York and Nash-
ville, 1953), 249, 250.
OWestern Christian Advocate (Cincinnati), May 3I, 1848, p. 0o.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101198/m1/388/: accessed September 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.