The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 431
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Development of Manufacturing in Texas
turity of the state is presented in Table I. By 1958, the ratio of
wage earners in manufacturing to total population in Texas was
still only a little over half the ratio for the nation and a third of
the ratio in industrialized Massachusetts. But the rate of progress
since 1939 is also clearly visible in the table. Further, the pre-
viously mentioned newly arrived consumer-goods industries are
additional evidences of progress. There is every indication that
the passage of time will bring still greater industrial balance to
the state. All of the necessary ingredients for the development of
a larger emphasis on consumer-oriented industries were present
and growing in 1960. The basic industries are present to provide
incomes for markets; there is an abundance of labor; and the
general public and business leaders are widely aware of the
problem and intent on doing something about it.
If "continued industrial immaturity" is one descriptive phrase
for the Texas economy at the end of the period under consid-
eration, certainly "rapid growth" is another. Texas manufacturing
grew at the respectable rate of 4.06 per cent per year from 1919
through 1939 and at the gratifying rate of 9.38 per cent per year
from 1939 through 1954. The fact that the rapid growth during
the war carried over into the postwar period is evidence that the
wartime "industrial revolution" followed soundly along the lines
of the state's comparative advantages.
TABLE I-THE PERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION EMPLOYED AS
WAGE EARNERS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN THE
UNITED STATES, MASSACHUSETTS, AND TEXASa
Texas as Per Cent of:
United Massa- Texas United Massa-
States chusetts States chusetts
1899-1900 6.6 15.6 1.7 25.9 11.0
1919-1920 8.5 18.5 2.3 27.1 12.4
1929-1930 7.2 13.1 2.3 32.1 17.6
1939-1940 6.o 1o.6 2.0 33.0 18.5
1954 7.7 11.1 3.7 48.3 33-4
1958 6.7 10.0 3.7 55.0 36.6
aSource of data on wage earners in manufacturing: U.S. Department of Com-
merce, Bureau of the Census, Census of Manufactures (Washington).
Source of data on population: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the
Census, Census of Population (Washington).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101198/m1/516/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.