The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 466
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
pane have been issued, and there are over 1,244 dealers and 4,031
trucks used in the industry.3 This activity is also quite extensive.
5. Gas utility companies. In Texas there are some 6,06o gas
companies subject to regulation and control by the commission.4
The commission, however, does not supervise or determine
electric power or telephone rates within cities and towns, for
those are left to the various municipal governing bodies.
Historically the origin of the Railroad Commission is insepa-
rably linked with the public career of James Stephen Hogg. At
the November election of 189o, an amendment to the Texas
constitution was adopted which provided that:
Railroads heretofore constructed or which may hereafter be con-
structed in this state are hereby declared public highways, and rail-
road companies, common carriers. The Legislature shall pass laws to
regulate railroad, freight and passenger tariffs, to correct abuses and
prevent unjust discrimination and extortion in the rates of freight
and passenger tariffs on the different railroads in this state, and
enforce the same by adequate penalties; and to the further accomplish-
ment of these objects and purposes, may provide and establish all
requisite means and agencies invested with such powers as may be
deemed adequate and advisable.6
In 1891, the legislature, acting in accordance with that consti-
tutional mandate, created the Railroad Commission.' The cap-
tion of the act read as follows:
An Act to establish a Railroad Commission for the State of Texas,
whereby discrimination and extortion in railroad charges may be
prevented, and reasonable freight and passenger tariffs may be estab-
lished; to prescribe and authorize the making of rules and regulations
to govern the Commission and the railroads, and afford railroad com-
panies and other parties adequate remedies; to prescribe penalties
for the violation of this act and provide means and rules for its
8Information made available by the late Olin Culberson, Railroad Commissioner.
The figures are referable to the year 1958.
'Vernon's Annotated Texas Statutes, Articles 6050-6066.
"Ibid., Article 1119.
eArticle io, 2 of the Texas Constitution as amended in 1890o. The italicized
words in the text were added to the section.
TGeneral Laws of the State of Texas, 22nd Leg., Reg. Sess., 55; H. P. N. Gammel,
The Laws of Texas, x822-1897 (io vols.; Austin, 1898), X, 57.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101198/m1/551/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.