The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965 Page: 44
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
site Kiamichi Creek, in a region vaguely defined and consequently
disputed for some time between Arkansas and Texas.5
Because there was danger that the United States government
might give the land to the Cherokee Indians, the settlers of the
area sent various petitions to Congress requesting the right of
preemption. On them appeared the names of many early Arkansas
and Texas pioneers including that of Lawrence." Numbers of these
people later became acquainted with the plans of Moses and
Stephen F. Austin, likewise residents of the region, for a colony
in Spanish (later Mexican) Texas. Lawrence attached himself to
the family of Simon Miller, one of Austin's Old Three Hundred
Colonists, and traveled with him to the area of present Washing-
ton County, Texas, in December, 1821.7 Lawrence and Miller
camped on New Year Creek with Austin on the last day of 1821.
Adam spent some time at the Miller home in Fort Bend County
on the San Bernard River and was listed in the census of 1825 as
a farm worker in Miller's household.8
As was his wont because of a restless spirit, Adam Lawrence
made a trip to North 'Texas to visit his uncle Adam in the spring
of 1826. While they were hunting wild horses with relatives and
friends along the Washita River on April 17,
they were attacked by a large body of Indians, supposed to be
Osages, dressed in soldiers clothing and armed with bows and arrows
and shot guns. Adam Lawrence and his son John Lawrence, were
in company with young Adam Lawrence, a nephew of the former.
They were attacked on horseback, and pursued a considerable dis-
5Registro de las Familias Introducidas por el Ciudadano Benjamin R. Milam,
quoted in Rex W. Strickland, Anglo-American Activities in Northeastern Texas,
1803-1845 (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, 1937), 68; Rex W. Strickland,
"Miller County, Arkansas Territory, the Frontier that Men Forgot," Chronicles of
Oklahoma,, XVIII, 12-34; A. W. Neville, History of Lamar County (Paris, 1937);
Rex W. Strickland, "Jonesborough," in Walter Prescott Webb and H. Bailey Carroll
(eds.), Handbook of Texas (2 vols.; Austin, 1952), I, 928.
"Petition to Congress by Inhabitants of Arkansas Territory, 1821, in Clarence E.
Carter, Territorial Papers of the United States (26 vols.; Washington, 1934-1962),
7F. S. Wade, Tales of Early Days in Texas (typescript, Archives, Texas State
Library); deposition of Adam Lawrence to Z. T. Fulmore, October 23, 1874 (MS.,
Archives, Texas State Library); Adella A. Layne Landers to J. P. L., signed state-
ment, January 17, 1959 (MS. in possession of the writer); Mary Lawrence Graves to
Mattie Abbott, signed Statement, July 19g, 1911 (MS. in possession of Ralph Abbott,
SCensus of Austin's Colony, 1825 (MS., Spanish Archives, General Land Office,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 68, July 1964 - April, 1965, periodical, 1965; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101198/m1/64/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.