The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967 Page: 8
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ary Taylor, who was instructed in general terms to, protect Texas
from Mexican invasion during the period of negotiation. In
midsummer of 1845, the "Army of Observation" was denom-
inated the "Army of Occupation,"" and General Taylor was in-
structed to move his forces into Texas. Accordingly, the army
left New Orleans by boat on July 23, 1845, and headed for
Aransas Bay on the Texas coast, where it landed on July 26.
By July 31, the army was encamped on the beach on the west
side of Corpus Christi Bay, where it would remain for about
seven months.4 In the meantime, all the regular troops that could
be spared from the west, the northwest, and the Atlantic coast
were ordered to join the Army of Occupation, which eventually
numbered about four thousand.5
Taylor encamped on the west side of the Nueces near a hamlet
called "Kinney's Rancho," which eventually came to be called
Corpus Christi. Kinney's Rancho had been settled about 1839
by Colonel H. L. Kinney, who with his partner, William P.
Aubrey, established a trading post to accommodate a brisk and
regular traffic of smugglers' goods to and from the Rio Grande.
The rancho was the extreme frontier settlement on the Texas
coast in the 1840's, and its proximity to the Rio Grande made
it a most convenient exchange point for contraband trade."
After the landing of the Army of Occupation at Corpus Christi
Bay, trader Kinney's small rancho soon lost its isolated character.
Two buildings were taken over for hospitals; the ordnance, com-
missary, and subsistence departments arranged for supply depots;
wheelwrights and blacksmiths erected sheds; and slaughtering
pens were built beyond the camp. The town of Corpus Christi
housed a complex of nonmilitary, who were described as law-
yers, business "agents," hairdressers, photographers, sutlers, gam-
blers, whores, and plain hangers-on.7 By December, 1845, the
3T. B. Thorpe, Our Army on the Rio Grande (Philadelphia, 1846), 19.
'N. C. Brooks, A Complete History of the Mexicari War: Its Causes, Conduct, and
Consequences (Philadelphia, 1849), 54.
5Edward D. Mansfield, The Mexican War (New York, 1848), 19.
6Henry, Campaign Sketches of the War with Mexico, 18-19; Walter Reese Gore,
The Life of Henry Lawrence Kinney (Master's thesis, University of Texas, 1948),
7Edward J. Nichols, Zach Taylor's Little Army (New York, 1963), 23.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967, periodical, 1967; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/m1/20/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.