The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967 Page: 585
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The Callahan Expedition of 1855
settlement . . . exasperated . . . both that band of Indians and
Edward Burleson, Jr., then added a touch of irony to the in-
cident when he wrote Ford on November i1, telling of a Negro
who had escaped to Piedras Negras. The "Mexicans took him
up and sent him back to this side immediately. We can guess
why they did it."" Although Callahan did not recover any run-
away slaves, the show of force temporarily served its purpose,
and accomplished something which diplomats had failed to
Still, Ford was not satisfied. In February, 1856, he recom-
mended to Burleson that he, Ben McCulloch, or Callahan could
get money for another such venture from the planters along the
Brazos River. To Ford the movement was a "political necessity-
a duty we owe to Texas and the South.""46 But Captain Callahan
had no part in subsequent efforts to recover renegades, for he
was killed in a family feud on April 7, 1856.47
"Smith to Pease, October 11, 1855, Winfrey (ed.), Texas Indian Papers, III,
254-255; Smith to Lieut. Col. L. Thomas, Assistant Adjutant General, October
-7, 1855, and Smith to Langberg, December 6, 1855, "Claims of the State of
"texas," 115-116, 119-12o.
"The Texas State Times, November 11, 1855. This issue of the paper carries
another letter, this one apparently from a Mexican officer who signed himself
"Matamoros." He wrote that the invasion caused much indignation, but the
"allegation that . . . [it] was perpetrated in order to recover runaway Negroes
only makes it worse." Ibid.
"Ford to Burleson, February 15, 1856.
4"Shearer, "The Callahan Expedition, 1855," 450.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967, periodical, 1967; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/m1/615/: accessed November 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.