The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967 Page: 587
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Texas Redskins in Confederate Gray 587
Confederate army. Since the Indians were excellent horsemen,
the agent decided to drill them as cavalrymen.2 On November
4, 1861, Neyland reported to Texas Governor F. R. Lubbock that
the tribesmen were ready to join Colonel George W. Carter's
regiment of lancers.3 He pointed out that the Indians were splen-
did horsemen and should serve the Confederate army well. But
the agent left a few months later to enter military service, and
the Indians never received a call to duty with Colonel Carter.4
The Alabamas and Coushattas were asked to, serve with
Company F, 4th Texas Cavalry-organized in Polk County to
campaign with Sibley's Brigade. But before arrangements could
be completed for mustering in the Indians, the company left for
San Antonio and New Mexico.5
Local politics also played a part in delaying the Indians' mili-
tary service. In March, 1862, Governor Lubbock appointed A. J.
Harrison as agent for the Alabamas.6 The new agent organized
the men of this tribe into a militia unit and a few weeks later
'Neyland to Governor F. R. Lubbock, November 4, 1861, Indian Papers (Ar-
chives, Texas State Library, Austin). Robert Reese Neyland was a resident of
Woodville, Texas, where he practiced law. He was appointed agent for the
Alabama Indian tribe by Governor Sam Houston on September 4, 186o. Executive
Record Book, III/38, 1o3 (Archives, Texas State Library, Austin).
$Neyland to Lubbock, November 4, 1861. Agent Neyland referred to the repre-
sentatives of three Polk County Indian tribes-Alabamas, Coushattas, and
Muscogies-who were preparing to join Colonel George Washington Carter's 21st
Texas Cavalry Regiment. See Appendix A in Stephen B. Oates, Confederate
Cavalry West of the River (Austin, 1961), 176.
'Neyland reported to Camp Carter near Hempstead, Texas, for duty with the
24th Texas Cavalry Regiment (Second Lancers), under the command of Colonel
Francis C. Wilkes. Neyland to Lubbock, April 4, 1862. Indian Papers. References to
the 24th Texas Cavalry as the Second Lancers are found in Dudley G. Wooten (ed.),
A Comprehensive History of Texas, 1685-1897 (2 vols.; Dallas, 1898), II, 636; and
Oates, Confederate Cavalry, 176. The 24th Texas Cavalry included a portion of
the mounted force raised by Colonel G. W. Carter. Captain C. M. Mason to
Colonel M. C. Manning, July 12, 1862, The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation
of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies (13o vols.; Wash-
ington, 1880-1901), Series I, Vol. XV, 824; hereafter cited as Oficzal Records.
'Captain James M. R. Crosson of Livingston, Texas, organized this Polk County
company in June, 1861. It departed on September 9, 1861, and was mustered into
service at Salado Creek, near San Antonio, Texas, as Company F, 4th Texas
Cavalry, under the command of Colonel James Reily. J. E. Hill, J. M. Alexander,
and T. F. Meece (eds.), Historical Polk County, Texas (Livingston, Texas, 191-),
lo-11. The 4th Texas Cavalry is mentioned in Oates, Confederate Cavalry, 21,
'Executive Record Book, III/40, 170.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967, periodical, 1967; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/m1/617/: accessed April 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.