The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967 Page: 592
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
made on the Trinity flatboats or what total volume of supplies
they delivered for the Confederacy. However, the official corres-
pondence of Governor Lubbock and Governor Pendleton Mur-
rah includes references to the loyalty and services of the Polk
County Indians. In March, 1865, Governor Murrah wrote to
Indian Agent James Barclay that the families of the Polk County
Indians were entitled to the same aid as the white soldiers.0
The Texas Legislature did not become so busy with Civil War
activities as to neglect the Alabamas and Coushattas. On the con-
trary, the state legislature in 1861, 1863, 1864, and again in
1866, appropriated the salary of an agent for these Indians and
outlined the duties of the agent.81
Through no fault of their own, the Polk County Indians of
a century ago did not fight-as a group-in any of the battles of
that great conflict. They missed the tide that might have car-
ried their tribesmen to greater glory in the state's Civil War
history. But they rode the river to perform a unique feat. True,
this was an obscure and minor role. Nevertheless, the Alabamas
and Coushattas helped to move key military supplies and thus
contributed to the success of Confederate forces along the Texas
Gulf Coast. Their service deserves a share of the spotlight in
Texas' Civil War history.
8oMurrah to Barclay, March 23, 1865 (original letter in possession of W. H.
Risinger, Woodville, Texas).
81Gammel (comp.), Laws of Texas, 1822-1897, V, 541, 696, 719, 1047-1048.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967, periodical, 1967; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/m1/622/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.