The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967 Page: 594
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
pany with deposed Governor Martos y Navarrete. Continuing
in a southwesterly direction, he crossed the Rio Grande at La-
redo. He then traveled to the west coast of Mexico by way of
Saltillo, crossed the Pacific Ocean to the Philippine Islands, and
eventually made his way back to France by way of India, Arabia,
and the Mediterranean Sea.
When Pages arrived home four years after launchis g his big
adventure, he found that his family believed him dead and that
the navy listed him as a deserter. The king promptly reinstated
him in the navy and later heaped honors upon him, circumstances
which suggest that Pages never revealed all the motives for his
journey. The Seven Years' War removed France from North Amer-
ica without quenching French ambitions or dispelling French
curiosity about Spanish Texas. Whether Pages had unofficial per-
mission from his government to make his journey or whether
his trip was connected with France's old interest in Texas re-
mains problematical. It is true, however, that his king easily
forgave him for his apparent desertion and that later he became
a captain in the French navy and received the Croix de Saint
Louis. He also became a corresponding member of the Acad6mie
Born of a noble family in Toulouse in 1748, Pages found in
life all the adventure he dreamed of as a boy. Although he never
fulfilled his ambition to explore the Russian polar regions, he
accompanied Yves Joseph de Kerguelen on an expedition to-
ward the South Pole in 1773-1774. In 1776 he made a similar
expedition toward the North Pole. He fought with the French
navy in the American Revolution and later retired to a plan-
tation near Baraddres in present Haiti. There he was massacred
in a slave uprising in 1793.
Pagbs wrote an account of his three voyages which was pub-
lished as Voyages autour de monde, et vers les deux poles, par
terre et par mer, pendant les annees 1767, 1768, 1769, 1770,
1771, 1773, 1774 and 1776 (3 vols.; Paris, 1782). The work was
translated into English as Travels Round the World in the Years
1Biographical information about Pages is taken from Biographie universelle,
ancienne et moderne (45 vols.; Paris, n.d.), XXXI, 612; and Nouvelle biographie
gdndrale depuis les temps les plus recules jusqu'a nos jour (46 vols.; Paris, 1855),
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967, periodical, 1967; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/m1/624/: accessed January 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.