The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967 Page: 624
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
The accused desired that Warrick Tunstall Esq. be permitted to
act as his Counsel which was granted.
The Accused announced himself ready for trial. The Charges
were then read aloud by the Judge Advocate, as follows:
Office of the Military Commission.
San Antonio. July 4th 1862
The Confederate States
vs. No. 22
W. P. M. Means
In this, that the said W. P. M. Means, being a Citizen of Boston,
State of Massachusetts, U. S. of America, did, contrary to the Proc-
lamation of the President of the Confederate States, relating to
"Alien enemies" & in a manner and under circumstances throwing
suspicion upon his movements and objects, come within the limits
of the Confederate States, where he has since remained.
Non Compliance with the requirements of general Order No. 5
dated Head Quarters of the Sub. Military Dist of The Rio Grande,
San Antonio, April 28th 1862.
In this, that, having come within the jurisdiction of the Sub Mil.
Dist. of the Rio Grande, from one of the States now at war with
the Confederate States, since the 2 st day of May 1861, he has failed
to satisfy the authorities as to the purposes for which he came, and
the causes that detain him.
"signed" E. F. Gray
Judge Advocate & Recorder
Judge Advocate: Mr. Means you have heard the Charges prefered
against you & how say you,-Guilty or Not Guilty?
To which the accused W. P. M. Means pleaded as follows:
Private. Geo. C. Bennett of Duff's Co. T. P. D. a witness on the
part of the Prosecution, was duly sworn.
By Judge Advocate.
Question. Do you know the accused?
Answer. Yes, Sir
South Carolina in the late 185o's. He had become a prominent San Antonio
merchant by 186o, was elected county treasurer in 1862, and served as alderman
in 1863-1864. San Antonio Herald, August g, 1862; Santleben, Texas Pioneer, 317;
U. S. Eighth Census, 186o (Returns of Schedule i, Free Inhabitants, for Bexar
County, Texas, microfilm, University of Texas Library, Austin), 16o.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967, periodical, 1967; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/m1/654/: accessed March 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.