The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967 Page: 667
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ican studies in the United States is the recent flurry of activity
in the translation of significant works by Latin American writers.
With their masterful translations of Spanish-American and Bra-
zilian material, Samuel Putnam and Harriet Onis opened for
American audiences a fertile area of new literature previously
ignored. Since then, Thomas McGann, Lesley Byrd Simpson,
and others have added other books to. the growing body of
Spanish-American translations. Major Trends in Mexican Philos-
ophy, translated by A. Robert Caponigri, is a most-welcomed
Caponigri has selected eight Mexican writers for his anthology.
He classifies them as philosophers. Yet, though the concept of phi-
losophy, especially in the Latin American sense of the term, is
broad in scope, Caponigri's anthology is more than just a collec-
tion of philosophical studies. The Mexicans that the translator
has included in his book, represent a wide range of interests.
Miguel Le6n Portilla, whose studies of pre-Columbian thought
are included, is more archeologist and anthropologist than phi-
losopher; Leopoldo Zea ("Positivism") and Luis Villoro are as
much intellectual historians as philosophers. The subject ma-
terial, therefore, will have appeal beyond the narrow group of
philosophical specialists. It should be of specific concern to all
who follow the historical development of Mexico.
One essay alone, that of Villoro on the "Ideological Currents
of the Epoch of Independence," would have justified the pub-
lication of the anthology; his book, La Revoluci6n de Indepen-
dencia (1953), from which the essay is taken, is, without doubt,
the finest interpretation in any language of the Mexican struggle
In addition to the already-mentioned writers, Caponigri in-
cludes essays by Edmundo O'Gorman ("America"), Jose M.
Gallagos Rocafull ("Philosophy in Mexico in the Sixteenth and
Seventeenth Centuries"), Rafael Moreno ("Modern Philosophy
in New Spain"), and Fernando Salmer6n ("Mexican Philos-
ophers of the Twentieth Century"). One more essay would have
made the anthology complete: an excerpt from that exhaustive
study of Mexican liberalism in the nineteenth century by Jesis
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 70, July 1966 - April, 1967, periodical, 1967; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101199/m1/699/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.