The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971 Page: 23
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Tempest in a Teapot?
soil. Moreover, even Carranza and his entourage made little noise
about the United States raid into Juarez. Clearly cognizant of the
complaints which the United States levelled against it, the Mexican
government acquiesced to the military action.
Carranza, moreover, was a man who, when pressed, would usually
promise what was required without necessarily intending to fulfil his
pledges. His August declarations about more effective control of ban-
ditry proved this fact, when he required that the Mexican government
be absolved of responsibility in the event of danger. The same could
be said about Carranza's attitude toward oil-drilling permits. He def-
initely discriminated against United States companies and was less
restrictive on British and other firms.
Of practical concern, the United States planned its military demo-
bilization in 1919. Military intervention in Mexico required the
maintenance of a full army and navy. Thus, even if the ultimate
result had been intervention, the United States would have been
hard put to supply the manpower to impose its will on Mexico. An-
other pragmatic consideration that Wilson undoubtedly bore in mind
was the upcoming Mexican election of 1920o. Already Pablo Gonzalez
and Obreg6n were in the presidential race and both criticized Car-
ranza's United States policy. Therefore, through the machinations of
Mexican politics, the United States could hope to eliminate Carranza
and achieve a rapprochement with his successor. Unfortunately, this
was not to happen. Carranza's violent death, pressures from oil inter-
ests, and Wilson's refusal to recognize the new government of Obre-
g6n left the issues at stake between both countries unresolved during
19 o; in fact, 1919 became the year in which the principal problems
of oil, agrarian reform, and claims crystallized. New administrations
in both countries were required before rationality and compromise
could dominate the adjudication of disputes. Even by 1923, the prin-
cipal problems had achieved but temporary solution.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971, periodical, 1971; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101200/m1/35/: accessed January 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.