The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971 Page: 440

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Southwestern Historical Quarterly

with helping people find work, and seeing that they didn't go hun-
gry." The title No Quittin' Sense is well chosen to set forth the basic
theme of this book, for C. C. White clearly is one "who has endured."
Texas Tech University ALWYN BARR
To Wear a City's Crown: The Beginnings of Urban Growth in Texas,
1836-1865. By Kenneth W. Wheeler. (Cambridge: Harvard Uni-
versity Press, 1968. Pp. 222. Illustrations, bibliography, index.
$6.95.)
The author has selected four Texas cities-San Antonio, Galveston,
Houston, and Austin-as examples of urban growth from 1836 to 1865.
Despite a few repetitions and the failure to give recognition to the
importance of Nacogdoches and Jefferson, the first two chapters are
concise and adequate surveys of the geographical, governmental, eco-
nomic, and religious reasons why the communities began to flourish
during the period of the Republic. Many persons in the United States
who suffered from the prolonged depression after 1837 took advantage
of the generous land policy to migrate to Texas. While the importance
of migration westward from the Gulf South and Tennessee (previously
traced by Barnes Lathrop but not cited in the bibliography) is noted,
Wheeler also understands the significance of the many newcomers
from New York and the New England states. These included Gover-
nor Elisha Pease, inventor Gail Borden, Dr. Anson Jones, Mrs. Jane
McManus Cazneau, and the Allens, John K. and Augustus C., who
founded Houston.
Annexation caused few set-backs (such as the loss of the foreign
diplomatic representatives) for Austin when it became the state's cap-
ital after 1845. Greater economic stability and the ability to pay debts
after the Compromise of 1850 added to the trading potential of both
Houston and Galveston. Furthermore, during the period after 1850
Galveston evidenced a determination to survive even after serious
storm damage. When the raids from Mexico ceased, San Antonio ad-
vanced steadly, aided by the hard work of several immigrant groups.
While the author clearly describes the economic base of each city,
he relates the story of the "Great Emporiums," Houston and Galves-
ton, largely in terms of social and cultural growth. The roles of news-
papers, city streets, schools, book dealers, taverns, banquets, fraternal
organizations, and churches are emphasized. Until long after the Civil

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 74, July 1970 - April, 1971, periodical, 1971; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101200/m1/452/ocr/: accessed December 5, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.