The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972 Page: 107
articles are inaccurate and contain much information that historians
must use carefully. Often the magazine's authors accepted uncritically
the "success" of Indians in the white world as the sole avenue for
survival of their peoples. Approval was bestowed upon Indian indi-
viduals who accumulated wealth by oil leases, profited by business
ventures, attained recognition in the fine arts, matriculated at state
universities, or were elected to public office. Indian athletes such as
Jim Thorpe, Chief Bender, "Tiny" Roebuck, and the undefeated
1926 Haskell Institute football team were lauded for their prowess.
The problems and lives of traditionally inclined full-bloods are rel-
atively neglected. Harkins and his contributors preferred freeing In-
dians from the Bureau of Indian Affairs' jurisdiction. Mixed-blood
and educated factions within many tribes were perfectly competent to
manage their own business affairs. However, thousands of Indians dur-
ing the mid-1g2o's and early 1930's, like many today, could not pro-
tect their interests because they lacked education, economic resources,
skills for employment, even adequate ability to write and understand
English. Mere distribution of funds and property held in trust by the
government to tribesmen offered no solution to the "Indian problem."
Frequently the "competent" Indian was quickly defrauded of his finan-
cial resources by unscrupulous whites. Undoubtedly the Bureau of
Indian Affairs was too arbitrary in its control of some Indians. But
the entire history of Indian-white relations indicates a need for intel-
ligently administered guidance leading toward the Indians' full par-
ticipation in their communities and full control of their own destinies.
Purdue University DONALD J. BERTHRONG
Fort Supply, Indian Territory: Frontier Outpost on the Plains. By
Robert C. Carriker. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press,
1970. Pp. xv+239. Illustrations, maps, footnotes, bibliography,
Fort Supply enjoyed a long and colorful history as a key outpost on
the southern plains frontier. Supply depot in two major Indian wars,
guardian of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Reservation, it played an
influential role in the conquest of the southern plains tribes. Unlike
many sister forts, however, it also figured importantly in other phases
of frontier history-cattle drives, railroad construction, and land rushes,
for example. Beside hostile Indians, it contended with a varied assort-
ment of frontier personalities: whisky peddlers, cattle rustlers, horse
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 75, July 1971 - April, 1972, periodical, 1972; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101201/m1/119/ocr/: accessed August 25, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.